Next Article in Journal
An Experimental Comparison of IoT-Based and Traditional Irrigation Scheduling on a Flood-Irrigated Subtropical Lemon Farm
Next Article in Special Issue
Design and Analysis of Electrodes for Electrostimulation (TENS) Using the Technique of Film Printing and Embroidery in Textiles
Previous Article in Journal
Tensor-Based ECG Anomaly Detection toward Cardiac Monitoring in the Internet of Health Things
Previous Article in Special Issue
Flexible Hybrid Electrodes for Continuous Measurement of the Local Temperature in Long-Term Wounds
Review

Wearable Smart Textiles for Long-Term Electrocardiography Monitoring—A Review

1
Department of Materials, Textiles and Chemical Engineering, Ghent University, 9000 Gent, Belgium
2
Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar 6000, Ethiopia
3
Materials Engineering Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Patrick Boissy
Sensors 2021, 21(12), 4174; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21124174
Received: 25 May 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 14 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textile Sensors Based on Printed Electronics Technology)
The continuous and long-term measurement and monitoring of physiological signals such as electrocardiography (ECG) are very important for the early detection and treatment of heart disorders at an early stage prior to a serious condition occurring. The increasing demand for the continuous monitoring of the ECG signal needs the rapid development of wearable electronic technology. During wearable ECG monitoring, the electrodes are the main components that affect the signal quality and comfort of the user. This review assesses the application of textile electrodes for ECG monitoring from the fundamentals to the latest developments and prospects for their future fate. The fabrication techniques of textile electrodes and their performance in terms of skin–electrode contact impedance, motion artifacts and signal quality are also reviewed and discussed. Textile electrodes can be fabricated by integrating thin metal fiber during the manufacturing stage of textile products or by coating textiles with conductive materials like metal inks, carbon materials, or conductive polymers. The review also discusses how textile electrodes for ECG function via direct skin contact or via a non-contact capacitive coupling. Finally, the current intensive and promising research towards finding textile-based ECG electrodes with better comfort and signal quality in the fields of textile, material, medical and electrical engineering are presented as a perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: dry electrode; electrocardiography; smart textiles; textile; textile electrode dry electrode; electrocardiography; smart textiles; textile; textile electrode
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nigusse, A.B.; Mengistie, D.A.; Malengier, B.; Tseghai, G.B.; Langenhove, L.V. Wearable Smart Textiles for Long-Term Electrocardiography Monitoring—A Review. Sensors 2021, 21, 4174. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21124174

AMA Style

Nigusse AB, Mengistie DA, Malengier B, Tseghai GB, Langenhove LV. Wearable Smart Textiles for Long-Term Electrocardiography Monitoring—A Review. Sensors. 2021; 21(12):4174. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21124174

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nigusse, Abreha B., Desalegn A. Mengistie, Benny Malengier, Granch B. Tseghai, and Lieva V. Langenhove. 2021. "Wearable Smart Textiles for Long-Term Electrocardiography Monitoring—A Review" Sensors 21, no. 12: 4174. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21124174

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop