In this paper, we propose AirSign, a novel user authentication technology to provide users with more convenient, intuitive, and secure ways of interacting with smartphones in daily settings. AirSign leverages both acoustic and motion sensors for user authentication by signing signatures in the air through smartphones without requiring any special hardware. This technology actively transmits inaudible acoustic signals from the earpiece speaker, receives echoes back through both built-in microphones to “illuminate” signature and hand geometry, and authenticates users according to the unique features extracted from echoes and motion sensors. To evaluate our system, we collected registered, genuine, and forged signatures from 30 participants, and by applying AirSign on the above dataset, we were able to successfully distinguish between genuine and forged signatures with a 97.1% F-score while requesting only seven signatures during the registration phase.
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