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Open AccessArticle

Development and Evaluation of a New Spectral Disease Index to Detect Wheat Fusarium Head Blight Using Hyperspectral Imaging

1
National Engineering Research Center for Agro-Ecological Big Data Analysis & Application, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, China
2
School of Geography and Remote Sensing, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
3
Institute of Plant Protection and Agro-Products Safety, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
4
School of Information and Management Science, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(8), 2260; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082260
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 12 April 2020 / Accepted: 13 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optical Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a major disease threatening worldwide wheat production. FHB is a short cycle disease and is highly destructive under conducive environments. To provide technical support for the rapid detection of the FHB disease, we proposed to develop a new Fusarium disease index (FDI) based on the spectral data of 374–1050 nm. This study was conducted through the analysis of reflectance spectral data of healthy and diseased wheat ears at the flowering and filling stages by hyperspectral imaging technology and the random forest method. The characteristic wavelengths selected were 570 nm and 678 nm for the late flowering stage, 565 nm and 661 nm for the early filling stage, 560 nm and 663 nm for the combined stage (combining both flowering and filling stages) by random forest. FDI at each stage was derived from the wavebands of each corresponding stage. Compared with other 16 existing spectral indices, FDI demonstrated a stronger ability to determine the severity of the FHB disease. Its determination coefficients (R2) values exceeded 0.90 and the RMSEs were less than 0.08 in the models for each stage. Furthermore, the model for the combined stage performed better when used at single growth stage, but its effect was weaker than that of the models for the two individual growth stages. Therefore, using FDI can provide a new tool to detect the FHB disease at different growth stages in wheat. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperspectral imaging; spectral indices; random forest; growth stage; Fusarium head blight hyperspectral imaging; spectral indices; random forest; growth stage; Fusarium head blight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, D.; Wang, Q.; Lin, F.; Yin, X.; Gu, C.; Qiao, H. Development and Evaluation of a New Spectral Disease Index to Detect Wheat Fusarium Head Blight Using Hyperspectral Imaging. Sensors 2020, 20, 2260. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082260

AMA Style

Zhang D, Wang Q, Lin F, Yin X, Gu C, Qiao H. Development and Evaluation of a New Spectral Disease Index to Detect Wheat Fusarium Head Blight Using Hyperspectral Imaging. Sensors. 2020; 20(8):2260. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082260

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Dongyan; Wang, Qian; Lin, Fenfang; Yin, Xun; Gu, Chunyan; Qiao, Hongbo. 2020. "Development and Evaluation of a New Spectral Disease Index to Detect Wheat Fusarium Head Blight Using Hyperspectral Imaging" Sensors 20, no. 8: 2260. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082260

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