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Article

Influence of Different Hardness Custom Foot Insoles in the Electromyography Activity Patterns of the Thigh and Hip Muscles during Motorcycling Sport: A Crossover Study

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28922 Alcorcón, Spain
2
Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Facultad de Fisioterapia y Enfermería, Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
4
Research, Health and Podiatry Group, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
5
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(6), 1551; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20061551
Received: 5 February 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors in Podiatry)
Nowadays, the use of insoles in sport practice have been recognized to decrease the foot and lower limb injury patterns. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of four types of hardness insoles (HI) in the activity patterns of the hip and thigh muscles (HTM) in motoriders during motorcycling sport. The study was a crossover trial. Subjects were elite motoriders. The mean age was 33 ± 5.14 years. Electromyography (EMG) of hip and thigh muscles (HTM) data was registered via surface while subjects were riding on an elite motorcycle simulator. Subjects had to complete different tests with randomly hardest insoles (HI): 1: only polypropylene (58° D Shore); 2: Polypropylene (58° D Shore) with selective aluminium in hallux and metatarsal heads (60 HB Brinell hardness); 3: Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) (52° A Shore); and finally, 4: Ordinary EVA (25° A Shore) as the control. EMG patterns of the HTM, riding on an elite motorcycle simulator, showed the lowest peak amplitude with the insoles with polypropylene and selective aluminium. Using the hardest insoles in our study (selective aluminium) the EMG amplitude peaks decreased in all HTM. View Full-Text
Keywords: insoles; surface electromyography; muscular disease; motorcycle; support insoles; surface electromyography; muscular disease; motorcycle; support
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MDPI and ACS Style

Casado-Hernández, I.; Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R.; Losa-Iglesias, M.E.; Martínez-Jiménez, E.M.; López-López, D.; Mazoteras-Pardo, V.; Romero-Morales, C.; Calvo-Lobo, C. Influence of Different Hardness Custom Foot Insoles in the Electromyography Activity Patterns of the Thigh and Hip Muscles during Motorcycling Sport: A Crossover Study. Sensors 2020, 20, 1551. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20061551

AMA Style

Casado-Hernández I, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo R, Losa-Iglesias ME, Martínez-Jiménez EM, López-López D, Mazoteras-Pardo V, Romero-Morales C, Calvo-Lobo C. Influence of Different Hardness Custom Foot Insoles in the Electromyography Activity Patterns of the Thigh and Hip Muscles during Motorcycling Sport: A Crossover Study. Sensors. 2020; 20(6):1551. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20061551

Chicago/Turabian Style

Casado-Hernández, Israel, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta E. Losa-Iglesias, Eva M. Martínez-Jiménez, Daniel López-López, Victoria Mazoteras-Pardo, Carlos Romero-Morales, and César Calvo-Lobo. 2020. "Influence of Different Hardness Custom Foot Insoles in the Electromyography Activity Patterns of the Thigh and Hip Muscles during Motorcycling Sport: A Crossover Study" Sensors 20, no. 6: 1551. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20061551

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