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Development of Washable Silver Printed Textile Electrodes for Long-Term ECG Monitoring

Department of Materials, Textiles and Chemical Engineering, Ghent University, 9000 Gent, Belgium
Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar 6000, Ethiopia
Materials Engineering Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
Jimma Insitute of Technology, Jimma University, Jimma P.O. Box 378, Ethiopia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(21), 6233;
Received: 26 September 2020 / Revised: 26 October 2020 / Accepted: 30 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Sensors for Healthcare)
Long-term electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring is very essential for the early detection and treatment of cardiovascular disorders. However, commercially used silver/silver chloride (Ag/AgCl) electrodes have drawbacks, and these become more obvious during long-term signal monitoring, making them inconvenient for this use. In this study, we developed silver printed textile electrodes from knitted cotton and polyester fabric for ECG monitoring. The surface resistance of printed electrodes was 1.64 Ω/sq for cotton and 1.78 Ω/sq for polyester electrodes. The ECG detection performance of the electrodes was studied by placing three electrodes around the wrist where the electrodes were embedded on an elastic strap with Velcro. The ECG signals collected using textile electrodes had a comparable waveform to those acquired using standard Ag/AgCl electrodes with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 33.10, 30.17, and 33.52 dB for signals collected from cotton, polyester, and Ag/AgCl electrodes, respectively. The signal quality increased as the tightness of the elastic strap increased. Signals acquired at 15 mmHg pressure level with the textile electrodes provided a similar quality to those acquired using standard electrodes. Interestingly, the textile electrodes gave acceptable signal quality even after ten washing cycles. View Full-Text
Keywords: ECG; conductive textiles; textile electrodes; washable electrodes ECG; conductive textiles; textile electrodes; washable electrodes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nigusse, A.B.; Malengier, B.; Mengistie, D.A.; Tseghai, G.B.; Van Langenhove, L. Development of Washable Silver Printed Textile Electrodes for Long-Term ECG Monitoring. Sensors 2020, 20, 6233.

AMA Style

Nigusse AB, Malengier B, Mengistie DA, Tseghai GB, Van Langenhove L. Development of Washable Silver Printed Textile Electrodes for Long-Term ECG Monitoring. Sensors. 2020; 20(21):6233.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nigusse, Abreha B., Benny Malengier, Desalegn A. Mengistie, Granch B. Tseghai, and Lieva Van Langenhove. 2020. "Development of Washable Silver Printed Textile Electrodes for Long-Term ECG Monitoring" Sensors 20, no. 21: 6233.

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