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The Security of IP-Based Video Surveillance Systems

by 1,†, 1,2,*,†, 1 and 1
Software and Information Systems Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410501, Israel
College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sensors 2020, 20(17), 4806;
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 13 August 2020 / Accepted: 20 August 2020 / Published: 26 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Internet of Things)
Over the last decade, video surveillance systems have become a part of the Internet of Things (IoT). These IP-based surveillance systems now protect industrial facilities, railways, gas stations, and even one’s own home. Unfortunately, like other IoT systems, there are inherent security risks which can lead to significant violations of a user’s privacy. In this review, we explore the attack surface of modern surveillance systems and enumerate the various ways they can be compromised with real examples. We also identify the threat agents, their attack goals, attack vectors, and the resulting consequences of successful attacks. Finally, we present current countermeasures and best practices and discuss the threat horizon. The purpose of this review is to provide researchers and engineers with a better understanding of a modern surveillance systems’ security, to harden existing systems and develop improved security solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: IP cameras; video surveillance; IoT; network security; physical security IP cameras; video surveillance; IoT; network security; physical security
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kalbo, N.; Mirsky, Y.; Shabtai, A.; Elovici, Y. The Security of IP-Based Video Surveillance Systems. Sensors 2020, 20, 4806.

AMA Style

Kalbo N, Mirsky Y, Shabtai A, Elovici Y. The Security of IP-Based Video Surveillance Systems. Sensors. 2020; 20(17):4806.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kalbo, Naor, Yisroel Mirsky, Asaf Shabtai, and Yuval Elovici. 2020. "The Security of IP-Based Video Surveillance Systems" Sensors 20, no. 17: 4806.

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