The Long Range Navigation (Loran) system as a backup of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is a good choice. The dominant deterioration factors of position accuracy are the pseudo-range measurement errors and the geometric dilution of precision (GDOP). This paper focuses on the algorithm integrated difference with pseudo-ranges to improve the position accuracy. Firstly, the theoretical prediction of propagation delay and raw measurement are compared. The results show that the measured pseudo-range consists of a constant term and a temporal term, which reflect the propagation situation along the true path. Secondly, a position solution algorithm based on a pseudo-range and difference is presented, exceeding the limit of a single chain. Finally, some simulation tests are implemented utilizing the new proposed position algorithm to verify the differential performance. This method can reduce the GDOP conveniently through increasing the number of transmitters. In view of the amplitude and characteristics of errors in measurement, systematic error and random noise are distinguished and discussed. The absolute accuracy responds to the pseudo-range bias that is different from geometric distance and repeatable accuracy is mainly influenced by random noise. The difference method can improve the absolute accuracy via the correction degree without changing the geometry of the transmitters.
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