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Article

Bearing Fault Diagnosis with a Feature Fusion Method Based on an Ensemble Convolutional Neural Network and Deep Neural Network

1
School of Computer and Engineering Control, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(9), 2034; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19092034
Received: 28 March 2019 / Revised: 23 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Fault Diagnosis and Fault Tolerance)
Rolling bearings are the core components of rotating machinery. Their health directly affects the performance, stability and life of rotating machinery. To prevent possible damage, it is necessary to detect the condition of rolling bearings for fault diagnosis. With the rapid development of intelligent fault diagnosis technology, various deep learning methods have been applied in fault diagnosis in recent years. Convolution neural networks (CNN) have shown high performance in feature extraction. However, the pooling operation of CNN can lead to the loss of much valuable information and the relationship between the whole and the part may be ignored. In this study, we proposed CNNEPDNN, a novel bearing fault diagnosis model based on ensemble deep neural network (DNN) and CNN. We firstly trained CNNEPDNN model. Each of its local networks was trained with different training datasets. The CNN used vibration sensor signals as the input, whereas the DNN used nine time-domain statistical features from bearing vibration sensor signals as the input. Each local network of CNNEPDNN extracted different features from its own trained dataset, thus we fused features with different discrimination for fault recognition. CNNEPDNN was tested under 10 fault conditions based on the bearing data from Bearing Data Center of Case Western Reserve University (CWRU). To evaluate the proposed model, four aspects were analyzed: convergence speed of training loss function, test accuracy, F-Score and the feature clustering result by t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) visualization. The training loss function of the proposed model converged more quickly than the local models under different loads. The test accuracy of the proposed model is better than that of CNN, DNN and BPNN. The F-Score value of the model is higher than that of CNN model, and the feature clustering effect of the proposed model was better than that of CNN. View Full-Text
Keywords: bearing fault diagnosis; convolutional neural network; deep neural network; feature fusion; dynamic ensemble bearing fault diagnosis; convolutional neural network; deep neural network; feature fusion; dynamic ensemble
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.; Huang, J.; Ji, S. Bearing Fault Diagnosis with a Feature Fusion Method Based on an Ensemble Convolutional Neural Network and Deep Neural Network. Sensors 2019, 19, 2034. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19092034

AMA Style

Li H, Huang J, Ji S. Bearing Fault Diagnosis with a Feature Fusion Method Based on an Ensemble Convolutional Neural Network and Deep Neural Network. Sensors. 2019; 19(9):2034. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19092034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Hongmei, Jinying Huang, and Shuwei Ji. 2019. "Bearing Fault Diagnosis with a Feature Fusion Method Based on an Ensemble Convolutional Neural Network and Deep Neural Network" Sensors 19, no. 9: 2034. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19092034

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