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Using the IBM SPSS SW Tool with Wavelet Transformation for CO2 Prediction within IoT in Smart Home Care

Department of Cybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, VSB—Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava 70800, Czech Republic
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Sensors 2019, 19(6), 1407; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19061407
Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 7 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 21 March 2019
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Abstract

Standard solutions for handling a large amount of measured data obtained from intelligent buildings are currently available as software tools in IoT platforms. These solutions optimize the operational and technical functions managing the quality of the indoor environment and factor in the real needs of residents. The paper examines the possibilities of increasing the accuracy of CO2 predictions in Smart Home Care (SHC) using the IBM SPSS software tools in the IoT to determine the occupancy times of a monitored SHC room. The processed data were compared at daily, weekly and monthly intervals for the spring and autumn periods. The Radial Basis Function (RBF) method was applied to predict CO2 levels from the measured indoor and outdoor temperatures and relative humidity. The most accurately predicted results were obtained from data processed at a daily interval. To increase the accuracy of CO2 predictions, a wavelet transform was applied to remove additive noise from the predicted signal. The prediction accuracy achieved in the selected experiments was greater than 95%. View Full-Text
Keywords: Smart Home Care (SHC); monitoring; prediction; trend detection; Artificial Neural Network (ANN); Radial Basis Function (RBF); Wavelet Transformation (WT); SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) IBM; IoT (Internet of Things); Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Smart Home Care (SHC); monitoring; prediction; trend detection; Artificial Neural Network (ANN); Radial Basis Function (RBF); Wavelet Transformation (WT); SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) IBM; IoT (Internet of Things); Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
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Supplementary material

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13673-018-0151-8
    Link: https://hcis-journal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s13673-018-0151-8
    Description: This supplementary material describes the design and verification of the indirect method of predicting the course of CO2 concentration (ppm) from the measured temperature variables Tindoor (°C) and the relative humidity rHindoor (%) and the temperature Toutdoor (°C) using the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) with the Bayesian Regulation Method (BRM) for monitoring the presence of people in the individual premises in the Intelligent Administrative Building (IAB) using the PI System SW Tool (PI-Plant Information enterprise information system). The CA (Correlation Analysis), the MSE (Root Mean Squared Error) and the DTW (Dynamic Time Warping) criteria were used to verify and classify the results obtained. Within the proposed method, the LMS adaptive filter algorithm was used to remove the noise of the resulting predicted course. In order to verify the method, two long-term experiments were performed, specifically from February 1 to February 28, 2015, from June 1 to June 28, 2015 and from February 8 to February 14, 2015. For the best results of the trained ANN BRM within the prediction of CO2, the correlation coefficient R for the proposed method was up to 92%. The verification of the proposed method confirmed the possibility to use the presence of people of the monitored IAB premises for monitoring. The designed indirect method of CO2 prediction has potential for reducing the investment and operating costs of the IAB in relation to the reduction of the number of implemented sensors in the IAB within the process of management of operational and technical functions in the IAB. The article also describes the design and implementation of the FEIVISUAL visualization application for mobile devices, which monitors the technological processes in the IAB. This application is optimized for Android devices and is platform independent. The application requires implementation of an application server that communicates with the data server and the application developed. The data of the application developed is obtained from the data storage of the PI System via a PI Web REST API (Application Programming Integration) client.
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Vanus, J.; Kubicek, J.; Gorjani, O.M.; Koziorek, J. Using the IBM SPSS SW Tool with Wavelet Transformation for CO2 Prediction within IoT in Smart Home Care. Sensors 2019, 19, 1407.

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