Electrical Properties of Two-Dimensional Materials Used in Gas Sensors
AbstractIn the search for gas sensing materials, two-dimensional materials offer the possibility of designing sensors capable of tuning the electronic band structure by controlling their thickness, quantity of dopants, alloying between different materials, vertical stacking, and the presence of gases. Through materials engineering it is feasible to study the electrical properties of two-dimensional materials which are directly related to their crystalline structure, first Brillouin zone, and dispersion energy, the latter estimated through the tight-binding model. A review of the electrical properties directly related to the crystalline structure of these materials is made in this article for the two-dimensional materials used in the design of gas sensors. It was found that most 2D sensing materials have a hexagonal crystalline structure, although some materials have monoclinic, orthorhombic and triclinic structures. Through the simulation of the mathematical models of the dispersion energy, two-dimensional and three-dimensional electronic band structures were predicted for graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and silicene, which must be known before designing a gas sensor. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Vargas-Bernal, R. Electrical Properties of Two-Dimensional Materials Used in Gas Sensors. Sensors 2019, 19, 1295.
Vargas-Bernal R. Electrical Properties of Two-Dimensional Materials Used in Gas Sensors. Sensors. 2019; 19(6):1295.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vargas-Bernal, Rafael. 2019. "Electrical Properties of Two-Dimensional Materials Used in Gas Sensors." Sensors 19, no. 6: 1295.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.