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Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antenna-Based Sensors for Liquid Chemical Detection

1
Centre for Wireless Technology (CWT), Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, Cyberjaya 63100, Malaysia
2
Department of Medical Equipment Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, AlMajmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
3
Unit of Research in High Frequency Electronic Circuits and Systems, Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis 2092, Tunisia
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, Hashemite University, Zarqa 13115, Jordan
5
Department of Electrical Power and Mechatronics Engineering, Tafila Technical University, Tafila 11183, Jordan
6
College of Engineering, Al Ain University of Science and Technology, Al Ain 64141, UAE
7
School of Intelligent Mechatronics Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(5), 1200; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19051200
Received: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 8 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antenna Technologies for Microwave Sensors)
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Abstract

A compact, cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna (CDRA), using radio frequency signals to identify different liquids is proposed in this paper. The proposed CDRA sensor is excited by a rectangular slot through a 3-mm-wide microstrip line. The rectangular slot has been used to excite the CDRA for H E M 11 mode at 5.25 GHz. Circuit model values (capacitance, inductance, resistance and transformer ratios) of the proposed CDRA are derived to show the true behaviour of the system. The proposed CDRA acts as a sensor due to the fact that different liquids have different dielectric permittivities and, hence, will be having different resonance frequencies. Two different types of CDRA sensors are designed and experimentally validated with four different liquids (Isopropyl, ethanol, methanol and water). View Full-Text
Keywords: dielectric resonator; chemical sensing; S-parameters; circuit model dielectric resonator; chemical sensing; S-parameters; circuit model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Iqbal, A.; Smida, A.; Saraereh, O.A.; Alsafasfeh, Q.H.; Mallat, N.K.; Lee, B.M. Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antenna-Based Sensors for Liquid Chemical Detection. Sensors 2019, 19, 1200.

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