Node position information is critical in wireless sensor networks (WSN). However, existing positioning algorithms commonly have the issue of low positioning accuracy due to noise interferences in communication. Hence, proposed in this paper is an iterative positioning algorithm based on distance correction to improve the positioning accuracy of target nodes in WSNs, with contributions including (1) a log-distance distribution model of received signal strength indication (RSSI) ranging which is built and from which is derived a noise impact factor based on the model, (2) the initial position coordinates of the target node obtained using a triangle centroid localization algorithm, via which the distance deviation coefficient under the influence of noise is calculated, and (3) the ratio of the distance measured by the log-distance distribution model to the median distance deviation coefficient which is taken as the new distance between the target node and the anchor node. Based on the new distance, the triangular centroid positioning algorithm is applied to calculate the coordinates of the target node, after which the iterative positioning model is constructed and the distance deviation coefficient updated repeatedly to update the positioning result until the criteria of iterations are reached. Experiment results show that the proposed iterative positioning algorithm is promising and effectively improves positioning accuracy.
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