Since second-order statistics-based methods rely heavily on Gaussianity assumption and fractional lower-order statistics-based methods depend on a priori knowledge of non-Gaussian noise, there remains a void in wideband bistatic multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) radar systems under impulsive noise. In this paper, a novel method based on Sigmoid transform was used to estimate target parameters, which do not need a priori knowledge of the noise in an impulsive noise environment. Firstly, a novel wideband ambiguity function, termed Sigmoid wideband ambiguity function (Sigmoid-WBAF), is proposed to estimate the Doppler stretch and time delay by searching the peak of the Sigmoid-WBAF. A novel Sigmoid correlation function is proposed. Furthermore, a new MUSIC algorithm based on the Sigmoid correlation function (Sigmoid-MUSIC) is proposed to estimate the direction-of-departure (DOD) and direction-of-arrival (DOA). Then, the boundness of the Sigmoid-WBAF to the symmetric alpha stable (
) noise, the feasibility analysis of the Sigmoid-WBAF, and complexity analysis of the Sigmoid-WBAF and Sigmoid-MUSIC are presented to evaluate the performance of the proposed method. In addition, the Cramér–Rao bound for parameter estimation was derived and computed in closed form, which shows that better performance was achieved. Simulation results and theoretical analyses are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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