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Open AccessArticle

Design and Performance Evaluation of a Low-Cost Autonomous Sensor Interface for a Smart IoT-Based Irrigation Monitoring and Control System

1
Department of Mathematical Sciences (Computer Science), Faculty of Science, Yelwa Campus, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (Federal University of Technology), Dass Road, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Nigeria
2
Computer Systems Laboratory, Department of Computer Engineering, Chosun University, Dongku SeoSukDong 375, Gwangju 501-759, Korea
3
Multi-disciplinary Laboratory (MLab), Abdussalam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Via Beirut 31, 34014 Trieste, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(17), 3643; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19173643
Received: 15 June 2019 / Revised: 12 August 2019 / Accepted: 18 August 2019 / Published: 21 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Internet of Things)
Irrigation systems are becoming increasingly important, owing to the increase in human population, global warming, and food demand. This study aims to design a low-cost autonomous sensor interface to automate the monitoring and control of irrigation systems in remote locations, and to optimize water use for irrigation farming. An internet of things-based irrigation monitoring and control system, employing sensors and actuators, is designed to facilitate the autonomous supply of adequate water from a reservoir to domestic crops in a smart irrigation systems. System development lifecycle and waterfall model design methodologies have been employed in the development paradigm. The Proteus 8.5 design suite, Arduino integrated design environment, and embedded C programming language are commonly used to develop and implement a real working prototype. A pumping mechanism has been used to supply the water required by the soil. The prototype provides power supply, sensing, monitoring and control, and internet connectivity capabilities. Experimental and simulation results demonstrate the flexibility and practical applicability of the proposed system, and are of paramount importance, not only to farmers, but also for the expansion of economic activity. Furthermore, this system reduces the high level of supervision required to supply irrigation water, enabling remote monitoring and control. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous sensor interface; internet of things (IoT); soil moisture; smart irrigation system; monitoring and control; fabricated prototype; low-cost; Arduino integrated design environment; soil moisture sensor autonomous sensor interface; internet of things (IoT); soil moisture; smart irrigation system; monitoring and control; fabricated prototype; low-cost; Arduino integrated design environment; soil moisture sensor
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Abba, S.; Wadumi Namkusong, J.; Lee, J.-A.; Liz Crespo, M. Design and Performance Evaluation of a Low-Cost Autonomous Sensor Interface for a Smart IoT-Based Irrigation Monitoring and Control System. Sensors 2019, 19, 3643.

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