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3D Virtual Reconstruction of the Ancient Roman Incile of the Fucino Lake

1
Department of Industrial and Information Engineering and of Economics, University of L’Aquila, via G. 6 Gronchi 18, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
2
Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Lecce 73100, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(16), 3505; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19163505
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 3 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 10 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geophysics and Remote Sensing in Archaeology and Monumental Heritage)
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Abstract

The construction of the artificial emissary of Fucino Lake is one of the most ambitious engineering buildings of antiquity. It was the longest tunnel ever made until the 19th century and, due to the depth of the adduction inlet, it required a monumental and complex incile, which, for functionality, cannot be compared to other ancient emissaries. The Roman emissary and its "incile" (Latin name of the inlet structure) were almost completely destroyed in the 19th century, when Fucino Lake was finally dried. Today, only few auxiliary structures such as wells, tunnels, and winzes remain of this ancient work. As evidence of the ancient incile remains a description made by those who also destroyed it and some drawings made by travelers who, on various occasions, visited the site. This paper presents a virtual reconstruction of the Roman incile, obtained both through the philological study of the known documentation, interpreting iconographic sources that represent the last evidence of this structure, and through the survey on the territory. The main purpose is to understand its technical functionalities, the original structures, and its evolution during the time, taking into account the evolution of the Fucino Lake water levels, technological issues, and finally offering its visual reconstruction. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; monumental heritage; archaeology; 3D virtual reconstruction remote sensing; monumental heritage; archaeology; 3D virtual reconstruction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Di Angelo, L.; Di Stefano, P.; Guardiani, E.; Morabito, A.E.; Pane, C. 3D Virtual Reconstruction of the Ancient Roman Incile of the Fucino Lake. Sensors 2019, 19, 3505.

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