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Open AccessArticle

A Lightweight RFID Mutual Authentication Protocol with PUF

by Feng Zhu 1,2, Peng Li 1,2,*, He Xu 1,2 and Ruchuan Wang 1,2
School of Computer Science, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
Jiangsu High Technology Research Key Laboratory for Wireless Sensor Networks, Nanjing 210003, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(13), 2957;
Received: 28 April 2019 / Revised: 23 June 2019 / Accepted: 2 July 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Security and Privacy in Internet of Things)
Radio frequency identification is one of the key techniques for Internet of Things, which has been widely adopted in many applications for identification. However, there exist various security and privacy issues in radio frequency identification (RFID) systems. Particularly, one of the most serious threats is to clone tags for the goal of counterfeiting goods, which causes great loss and danger to customers. To solve these issues, lots of authentication protocols are proposed based on physical unclonable functions that can ensure an anti-counterfeiting feature. However, most of the existing schemes require secret parameters to be stored in tags, which are vulnerable to physical attacks that can further lead to the breach of forward secrecy. Furthermore, as far as we know, none of the existing schemes are able to solve the security and privacy problems with good scalability. Since many existing schemes rely on exhaustive searches of the backend server to validate a tag and they are not scalable for applications with a large scale database. Hence, in this paper, we propose a lightweight RFID mutual authentication protocol with physically unclonable functions (PUFs). The performance analysis shows that our proposed scheme can ensure security and privacy efficiently in a scalable way. View Full-Text
Keywords: lightweight; radio frequency identification; authentication; physical unclonable function; security; privacy lightweight; radio frequency identification; authentication; physical unclonable function; security; privacy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, F.; Li, P.; Xu, H.; Wang, R. A Lightweight RFID Mutual Authentication Protocol with PUF. Sensors 2019, 19, 2957.

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