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Open AccessArticle

High-Precision Indoor Visible Light Positioning Using Modified Momentum Back Propagation Neural Network with Sparse Training Point

1,2,†, 1,2,†,‡, 1,2,*, 1,2, 1,2, 3,* and 3
Key Laboratory of Photonics Information Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing 100081, China
School of Optoelectronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
China Academy of Electronics and Information Technology, Beijing 100041, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Current address: Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK.
Sensors 2019, 19(10), 2324;
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 1 May 2019 / Accepted: 17 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Positioning and Navigation)
PDF [4506 KB, uploaded 20 May 2019]


In this letter, we propose an indoor visible light positioning technique using a Modified Momentum Back-Propagation (MMBP) algorithm based on received signal strength (RSS) with sparse training data set. Unlike other neural network algorithms that require a large number of training data points to locate accurately, we have realized high-precision positioning for 100 test points with only 20 training points in a 1.8 m × 1.8 m × 2.1 m localization area. In order to verify the adaptability of the MMBP algorithm, we experimentally demonstrate two different training data acquisition methods adopting either even or arbitrary training sets. In addition, we also demonstrate the positioning accuracy of the traditional RSS algorithm. Experimental results show that the average localization accuracy optimized by our proposed algorithm is only 1.88 cm for the arbitrary set and 1.99 cm for the even set, while the average positioning error of the traditional RSS algorithm reaches 14.34 cm. Comparison indicates that the positioning accuracy of our proposed algorithm is 7.6 times higher. Results also show that the performance of our system is higher than some previous reports based on RSS and RSS fingerprint databases using complex machine learning algorithms trained by a large amount of training points. View Full-Text
Keywords: neural network; indoor visible light positioning; high accuracy; LED neural network; indoor visible light positioning; high accuracy; LED

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Zhang, H.; Cui, J.; Feng, L.; Yang, A.; Lv, H.; Lin, B.; Huang, H. High-Precision Indoor Visible Light Positioning Using Modified Momentum Back Propagation Neural Network with Sparse Training Point. Sensors 2019, 19, 2324.

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