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Contention-Aware Adaptive Data Rate for Throughput Optimization in LoRaWAN

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(6), 1716;
Received: 31 March 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 / Published: 25 May 2018
PDF [906 KB, uploaded 26 May 2018]


In Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN), the data rate of the devices can be adjusted to optimize the throughput by changing the spreading factor. However, the adaptive data rate has to be carefully utilized because the collision probability, which directly affects the throughput, is changed according to the use of spreading factors. Namely, the greater the number of devices using the same spreading factor, the greater the probability of collision, resulting in a decrease of total throughput. Nevertheless, in the current system, the only criteria to determine the data rate to be adjusted is a link quality. Therefore, contention-aware adaptive data rate should be designed for the throughput optimization. Here, the number of devices which can use a specific data rate is restricted, and accordingly the optimization problem can be regarded as constrained optimization. To find an optimal solution, we adopt the gradient projection method. By adjusting the data rate based on the retrieved set of optimal data rate, the system performance can be significantly improved. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the comparisons regardless of the number of devices and is close to the theoretical upper bound of throughput. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive data rate; contention-aware; gradient projection method; LoRaWAN; throughput optimization adaptive data rate; contention-aware; gradient projection method; LoRaWAN; throughput optimization

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Kim, S.; Yoo, Y. Contention-Aware Adaptive Data Rate for Throughput Optimization in LoRaWAN. Sensors 2018, 18, 1716.

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