Next Article in Journal
Learning Perfectly Secure Cryptography to Protect Communications with Adversarial Neural Cryptography
Next Article in Special Issue
A Low-Ambiguity Signal Waveform for Pseudolite Positioning Systems Based on Chirp
Previous Article in Journal
Displacement and Strain Measurement up to 1000 °C Using a Hollow Coaxial Cable Fabry-Perot Resonator
Previous Article in Special Issue
Design and Implementation of an RTK-Based Vector Phase Locked Loop
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2018, 18(5), 1305; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18051305

Spoofing Detection Using GNSS/INS/Odometer Coupling for Vehicular Navigation

Position, Location and Navigation (PLAN) Group, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 March 2018 / Revised: 17 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue GNSS and Fusion with Other Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [53209 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Location information is one of the most vital information required to achieve intelligent and context-aware capability for various applications such as driverless cars. However, related security and privacy threats are a major holdback. With increasing focus on using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for autonomous navigation and related applications, it is important to provide robust navigation solutions, yet signal spoofing for illegal or covert transportation and misleading receiver timing is increasing and now frequent. Hence, detection and mitigation of spoofing attacks has become an important topic. Several contributions on spoofing detection have been made, focusing on different layers of a GNSS receiver. This paper focuses on spoofing detection utilizing self-contained sensors, namely inertial measurement units (IMUs) and vehicle odometer outputs. A spoofing detection approach based on a consistency check between GNSS and IMU/odometer mechanization is proposed. To detect a spoofing attack, the method analyses GNSS and IMU/odometer measurements independently during a pre-selected observation window and cross checks the solutions provided by GNSS and inertial navigation solution (INS)/odometer mechanization. The performance of the proposed method is verified in real vehicular environments. Mean spoofing detection time and detection performance in terms of receiver operation characteristics (ROC) in sub-urban and dense urban environments are evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: global navigation satellite systems (GNSS); spoofing; detection; IMU; vehicular navigation global navigation satellite systems (GNSS); spoofing; detection; IMU; vehicular navigation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Broumandan, A.; Lachapelle, G. Spoofing Detection Using GNSS/INS/Odometer Coupling for Vehicular Navigation. Sensors 2018, 18, 1305.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top