Next Article in Journal
Non-Enzymatic Electrochemical Sensing of Malathion Pesticide in Tomato and Apple Samples Based on Gold Nanoparticles-Chitosan-Ionic Liquid Hybrid Nanocomposite
Next Article in Special Issue
TwitterSensing: An Event-Based Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks Optimization Exploiting Social Media in Smart City Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Visualization of Concrete Slump Flow Using the Kinect Sensor
Previous Article in Special Issue
Towards an Iterated Game Model with Multiple Adversaries in Smart-World Systems
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2018, 18(3), 772;

Performance Evaluation of LoRa Considering Scenario Conditions

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universidad Politecnica de Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 3 March 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [6740 KB, uploaded 6 March 2018]   |  


New verticals within the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm such as smart cities, smart farming, or goods monitoring, among many others, are demanding strong requirements to the Radio Access Network (RAN) in terms of coverage, end-node’s power consumption, and scalability. The technologies employed so far to provide IoT scenarios with connectivity, e.g., wireless sensor network and cellular technologies, are not able to simultaneously cope with these three requirements. Thus, a novel solution known as Low Power - Wide Area Network (LP-WAN) has emerged as a promising alternative to provide with low-cost and low-power-consumption connectivity to end-nodes spread in a wide area. Concretely, the Long-Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) technology is one of the LP-WAN platforms that is receiving greater attention from both the industry and the academia. For that reason, in this work, a comprehensive performance evaluation of LoRaWAN under different environmental conditions is presented. The results are obtained from three real scenarios, namely, urban, suburban, and rural, considering both dynamic and static conditions, hence a discussion about the most proper LoRaWAN physical-layer configuration for each scenario is provided. Besides, a theoretical coverage study is also conducted by the use of a radio planning tool considering topographic maps and a precise propagation model. From the attained results, it can be concluded that it is necessary to evaluate the propagation conditions of the deployment scenario prior to the system implantation in order to reach a compromise between the robustness of the network and the transmission data-rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: LP-WAN; IoT; Smart cities; LoRa; LoRaWAN LP-WAN; IoT; Smart cities; LoRa; LoRaWAN

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sanchez-Iborra, R.; Sanchez-Gomez, J.; Ballesta-Viñas, J.; Cano, M.-D.; Skarmeta, A.F. Performance Evaluation of LoRa Considering Scenario Conditions. Sensors 2018, 18, 772.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top