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Open AccessArticle

Photo-Electrochemical Sensing of Dopamine by a Novel Porous TiO2 Array-Modified Screen-Printed Ti Electrode

1
Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, I-98166 Messina, Italy
2
Department of Engineering, University of Messina, I-98166 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(10), 3566; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18103566
Received: 24 September 2018 / Revised: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 October 2018 / Published: 21 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
In this paper, the development of a nanoporous TiO2 array-modified Ti electrode for photo-electrochemical (PEC) sensing of dopamine (DA) is reported. A porous TiO2 array-modified electrode was fabricated from the controlled anodic oxidation of a Ti working electrode of commercial screen-printed electrodes (SPE). The anodization process and the related morphological and microstructural transformation of the bare Ti electrode into a TiO2/Ti electrode was followed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-visible reflectance spectroscopy (DR-UV-Vis). The modified electrode was irradiated with a low-power (120 mW) UV-Vis LED lamp (λ = 400 nm) and showed good performance for the detection of DA with a large linear response range, a sensitivity of 462 nA mM−1 cm−2, and a limit of detection of 20 µM. Moreover, it showed higher photocurrents in the presence of DA in comparison to some foreign species such as ascorbic acid, uric acid, glucose, K+, Na+, and Cl. Thus, this proposed low-cost photo-electrochemical sensor, with the advantage of very simple fabrication, demonstrates potential applications for the determination of dopamine in real samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: TiO2; dopamine; photo-electrochemical sensors TiO2; dopamine; photo-electrochemical sensors
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Tavella, F.; Ampelli, C.; Leonardi, S.G.; Neri, G. Photo-Electrochemical Sensing of Dopamine by a Novel Porous TiO2 Array-Modified Screen-Printed Ti Electrode. Sensors 2018, 18, 3566.

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