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Sensors 2018, 18(10), 3412; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18103412

Analysis of Human Body Shadowing Effect on Wireless Sensor Networks Operating in the 2.4 GHz Band

Institute of Electronics, Lodz University of Technology, ul. Wólczańska 211/215, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
Received: 23 August 2018 / Revised: 26 September 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Small Devices and the High-Tech Society)
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Abstract

Miniaturized wireless sensors are designed to run on limited power resources, requiring minimization of transmit power and lowering of the fade margin in the link budget. One factor that has an important impact on wireless sensor network design is path loss between the transmitter and the receiver. This paper presents an analysis of the influence of human bodies on path loss in the 2.4 GHz band, which is commonly used for wireless sensor networks. The effect of body shadowing was first analyzed in full wave computer simulations using the finite-difference time-domain method. Due to the high numerical burden, the simulations were limited to only a small region around the human body. To analyze the performance of networks in larger indoor environments, a human body model is proposed that can be used for simulations with a ray-based computer program. The proposed model of human body is the main contribution of this paper. It was used to analyze the body shadowing effect in a typical indoor environment. The results were found to be in good agreement with measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; body shadowing; path loss; computational electromagnetics; FDTD; UTD wireless sensor networks; body shadowing; path loss; computational electromagnetics; FDTD; UTD
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Januszkiewicz, Ł. Analysis of Human Body Shadowing Effect on Wireless Sensor Networks Operating in the 2.4 GHz Band. Sensors 2018, 18, 3412.

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