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Open AccessReview

Review of Recent Metamaterial Microfluidic Sensors

School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, College of Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 221, Heukseok-Dong, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul 156-756, Korea
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Sensors 2018, 18(1), 232; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18010232
Received: 29 December 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 15 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microfluidic Sensors)
Metamaterial elements/arrays exhibit a sensitive response to fluids yet with a small footprint, therefore, they have been an attractive choice to realize various sensing devices when integrated with microfluidic technology. Micro-channels made from inexpensive biocompatible materials avoid any contamination from environment and require only microliter–nanoliter sample for sensing. Simple design, easy fabrication process, light weight prototype, and instant measurements are advantages as compared to conventional (optical, electrochemical and biological) sensing systems. Inkjet-printed flexible sensors find their utilization in rapidly growing wearable electronics and health-monitoring flexible devices. Adequate sensitivity and repeatability of these low profile microfluidic sensors make them a potential candidate for point-of-care testing which novice patients can use reliably. Aside from degraded sensitivity and lack of selectivity in all practical microwave chemical sensors, they require an instrument, such as vector network analyzer for measurements and not readily available as a self-sustained portable sensor. This review article presents state-of-the-art metamaterial inspired microfluidic bio/chemical sensors (passive devices ranging from gigahertz to terahertz range) with an emphasis on metamaterial sensing circuit and microfluidic detection. We also highlight challenges and strategies to cope these issues which set future directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: metamaterial; microfluidic; chemical sensor; biosensor; dielectric perturbation metamaterial; microfluidic; chemical sensor; biosensor; dielectric perturbation
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Salim, A.; Lim, S. Review of Recent Metamaterial Microfluidic Sensors. Sensors 2018, 18, 232.

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