Next Article in Journal
An IMM-Aided ZUPT Methodology for an INS/DVL Integrated Navigation System
Next Article in Special Issue
A Robotic Platform for Corn Seedling Morphological Traits Characterization
Previous Article in Journal
Design of a Sensor System for On-Line Monitoring of Contact Pressure in Chalcographic Printing
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dual Quaternions as Constraints in 4D-DPM Models for Pose Estimation
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2017, 17(9), 2031;

Improved Range Estimation Model for Three-Dimensional (3D) Range Gated Reconstruction

School of Engineering, Monash University Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 47500 Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia
Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, Jalan Multimedia, 63000 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2017 / Revised: 25 August 2017 / Accepted: 28 August 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Imaging Depth Sensors—Sensors, Algorithms and Applications)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1066 KB, uploaded 5 September 2017]   |  


Accuracy is an important measure of system performance and remains a challenge in 3D range gated reconstruction despite the advancement in laser and sensor technology. The weighted average model that is commonly used for range estimation is heavily influenced by the intensity variation due to various factors. Accuracy improvement in term of range estimation is therefore important to fully optimise the system performance. In this paper, a 3D range gated reconstruction model is derived based on the operating principles of range gated imaging and time slicing reconstruction, fundamental of radiant energy, Laser Detection And Ranging (LADAR), and Bidirectional Reflection Distribution Function (BRDF). Accordingly, a new range estimation model is proposed to alleviate the effects induced by distance, target reflection, and range distortion. From the experimental results, the proposed model outperforms the conventional weighted average model to improve the range estimation for better 3D reconstruction. The outcome demonstrated is of interest to various laser ranging applications and can be a reference for future works. View Full-Text
Keywords: TOF range imaging; range gated imaging; 3D reconstruction TOF range imaging; range gated imaging; 3D reconstruction

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chua, S.Y.; Guo, N.; Tan, C.S.; Wang, X. Improved Range Estimation Model for Three-Dimensional (3D) Range Gated Reconstruction. Sensors 2017, 17, 2031.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top