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Sensors 2017, 17(8), 1779;

Direction-of-Arrival Estimation with Coarray ESPRIT for Coprime Array

College of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2017 / Revised: 29 July 2017 / Accepted: 31 July 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
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A coprime array is capable of achieving more degrees-of-freedom for direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation than a uniform linear array when utilizing the same number of sensors. However, existing algorithms exploiting coprime array usually adopt predefined spatial sampling grids for optimization problem design or include spectrum peak search process for DOA estimation, resulting in the contradiction between estimation performance and computational complexity. To address this problem, we introduce the Estimation of Signal Parameters via Rotational Invariance Techniques (ESPRIT) to the coprime coarray domain, and propose a novel coarray ESPRIT-based DOA estimation algorithm to efficiently retrieve the off-grid DOAs. Specifically, the coprime coarray statistics are derived according to the received signals from a coprime array to ensure the degrees-of-freedom (DOF) superiority, where a pair of shift invariant uniform linear subarrays is extracted. The rotational invariance of the signal subspaces corresponding to the underlying subarrays is then investigated based on the coprime coarray covariance matrix, and the incorporation of ESPRIT in the coarray domain makes it feasible to formulate the closed-form solution for DOA estimation. Theoretical analyses and simulation results verify the efficiency and the effectiveness of the proposed DOA estimation algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: coprime array; DOA estimation; ESPRIT; off-grid; virtual sensor coprime array; DOA estimation; ESPRIT; off-grid; virtual sensor

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Zhou, C.; Zhou, J. Direction-of-Arrival Estimation with Coarray ESPRIT for Coprime Array. Sensors 2017, 17, 1779.

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