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Open AccessArticle

Motor Control Training for the Shoulder with Smart Garments

Department of Industrial Design, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
BIOMED REVAL Rehabilitation Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
Center for Intelligent Medical Electronics, Department of Electronic Engineering, School of Information Science and Technology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, Shanghai 200000, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(7), 1687;
Received: 15 May 2017 / Revised: 10 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 22 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Sensors for Globalized Healthy Living and Wellbeing)
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting. Five physiotherapists and eight patients with musculoskeletal shoulder pain participated in the study. The attitudes of patients and therapists towards the system were measured using standardized survey instruments. The results indicate that patients and their therapists consider Zishi a credible aid for rehabilitation and patients expect it will help towards their recovery. The system was perceived as highly usable and patients were motivated to train with the system. Future research efforts on the improvement of the customization of feedback location and modality, and on the evaluation of Zishi as support for motor learning in shoulder patients, should be made. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable system; rehabilitation; posture monitoring; compensatory movement; shoulder training wearable system; rehabilitation; posture monitoring; compensatory movement; shoulder training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Q.; De Baets, L.; Timmermans, A.; Chen, W.; Giacolini, L.; Matheve, T.; Markopoulos, P. Motor Control Training for the Shoulder with Smart Garments. Sensors 2017, 17, 1687.

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