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Design and Performance of a Metal-Shielded Piezoelectric Sensor

Institut d’Investigació per a la Gestió Integrada de les Zones Costaneres (IGIC), Escola Politècnica Superior de Gandia (EPSG), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), 46730 Grau de Gandia, Spain
Instituto de Instrumentación para Imagen Molecular (i3M), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), 46022 València, Spain
Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), 46022 València, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1284;
Received: 23 March 2017 / Revised: 27 May 2017 / Accepted: 30 May 2017 / Published: 4 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
PDF [3467 KB, uploaded 4 June 2017]


In certain circumstances when acoustic measurements are required in the presence of explosive atmospheres the sensor must be placed inside a Faraday Cage. Piezoelectric active materials are suitable for this purpose as they do not need an electrical power supply, although the metal shielding can considerably reduce sensor sensitivity, which is already low at the acoustic frequency range (<20 kHz). This paper describes a metal-shielded piezoelectric sensor designed to work in the range of frequencies between 1 and 2 kHz and in these environmental conditions. The main idea was to add a thin material layer to the front face of the piezoelectric ceramic in order to force the system to vibrate in flexure mode at low frequencies. The resonant frequency and sensitivity of the system was studied as a function of the radius, thickness, and material of the thin layer. The study includes a comparison of theoretical model, FEM simulation, and real data measured using three aluminum and three steel prototypes of different sizes. View Full-Text
Keywords: acoustic sensor; piezoelectric ceramic; encapsulated transducer; piezoelectric FEM simulation; sensitivity; explosive atmospheres acoustic sensor; piezoelectric ceramic; encapsulated transducer; piezoelectric FEM simulation; sensitivity; explosive atmospheres

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Sáenz de Inestrillas, Á.; Camarena, F.; Bou Cabo, M.; Barreiro, J.M.; Reig, A. Design and Performance of a Metal-Shielded Piezoelectric Sensor. Sensors 2017, 17, 1284.

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