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Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2216; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102216

Co3O4 as p-Type Material for CO Sensing in Humid Air

1
Faculty of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
2
Laboratoire CRISMAT, ENSICAEN-CNRS UMR6508, Caen 14050, France
3
Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
4
National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123182, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 August 2017 / Revised: 20 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensors based on Semiconducting Metal Oxides)
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Abstract

Nanocrystalline cobalt oxide Co3O4 has been prepared by precipitation and subsequent thermal decomposition of a carbonate precursor, and has been characterized in detail using XRD, transmission electron microscopy, and FTIR spectroscopy. The sensory characteristics of the material towards carbon monoxide in the concentration range 6.7–20 ppm have been examined in both dry and humid air. A sensor signal is achieved in dry air at sufficiently low temperatures T = 80–120 °C, but the increase in relative humidity results in the disappearance of sensor signal in this temperature range. At temperatures above 200 °C the inversion of the sensor signal in dry air was observed. In the temperature interval 180–200 °C the sensor signal toward CO is nearly the same at 0, 20 and 60% r.h. The obtained results are discussed in relation with the specific features of the adsorption of CO, oxygen, and water molecules on the surface of Co3O4. The independence of the sensor signal from the air humidity combined with a sufficiently short response time at a moderate operating temperature makes Co3O4 a very promising material for CO detection in conditions of variable humidity. View Full-Text
Keywords: cobalt oxide; p-type oxide semiconductor; gas sensor; CO sensor; humidity cobalt oxide; p-type oxide semiconductor; gas sensor; CO sensor; humidity
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Vladimirova, S.; Krivetskiy, V.; Rumyantseva, M.; Gaskov, A.; Mordvinova, N.; Lebedev, O.; Martyshov, M.; Forsh, P. Co3O4 as p-Type Material for CO Sensing in Humid Air. Sensors 2017, 17, 2216.

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