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Open AccessArticle

Regular Deployment of Wireless Sensors to Achieve Connectivity and Information Coverage

School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, Shaanxi, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xue-Bo Jin
Sensors 2016, 16(8), 1270;
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 24 July 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 12 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Multi-Sensor Information Fusion: Theory and Applications)
Coverage and connectivity are two of the most critical research subjects in WSNs, while regular deterministic deployment is an important deployment strategy and results in some pattern-based lattice WSNs. Some studies of optimal regular deployment for generic values of rc/rs were shown recently. However, most of these deployments are subject to a disk sensing model, and cannot take advantage of data fusion. Meanwhile some other studies adapt detection techniques and data fusion to sensing coverage to enhance the deployment scheme. In this paper, we provide some results on optimal regular deployment patterns to achieve information coverage and connectivity as a variety of rc/rs, which are all based on data fusion by sensor collaboration, and propose a novel data fusion strategy for deployment patterns. At first the relation between variety of rc/rs and density of sensors needed to achieve information coverage and connectivity is derived in closed form for regular pattern-based lattice WSNs. Then a dual triangular pattern deployment based on our novel data fusion strategy is proposed, which can utilize collaborative data fusion more efficiently. The strip-based deployment is also extended to a new pattern to achieve information coverage and connectivity, and its characteristics are deduced in closed form. Some discussions and simulations are given to show the efficiency of all deployment patterns, including previous patterns and the proposed patterns, to help developers make more impactful WSN deployment decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: information coverage; connectivity; WSNs information coverage; connectivity; WSNs
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Cheng, W.; Li, Y.; Jiang, Y.; Yin, X. Regular Deployment of Wireless Sensors to Achieve Connectivity and Information Coverage. Sensors 2016, 16, 1270.

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