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Sensors 2016, 16(3), 275;

Human Collaborative Localization and Mapping in Indoor Environments with Non-Continuous Stereo

Department of Automatic Control, Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona 08034, Spain
Department of Computer Science, Universidad de Guadalajara (CUCEI), Guadalajara 44430, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kourosh Khoshelham and Sisi Zlatanova
Received: 30 September 2015 / Revised: 29 December 2015 / Accepted: 20 January 2016 / Published: 24 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Indoor Mapping and Navigation)
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A new approach to the monocular simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem is presented in this work. Data obtained from additional bearing-only sensors deployed as wearable devices is fully fused into an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). The wearable device is introduced in the context of a collaborative task within a human-robot interaction (HRI) paradigm, including the SLAM problem. Thus, based on the delayed inverse-depth feature initialization (DI-D) SLAM, data from the camera deployed on the human, capturing his/her field of view, is used to enhance the depth estimation of the robotic monocular sensor which maps and locates the device. The occurrence of overlapping between the views of both cameras is predicted through geometrical modelling, activating a pseudo-stereo methodology which allows to instantly measure the depth by stochastic triangulation of matched points found through SIFT/SURF. Experimental validation is provided through results from experiments, where real data is captured as synchronized sequences of video and other data (relative pose of secondary camera) and processed off-line. The sequences capture indoor trajectories representing the main challenges for a monocular SLAM approach, namely, singular trajectories and close turns with high angular velocities with respect to linear velocities. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative robotics; monocular SLAM; HRI; indoor mapping collaborative robotics; monocular SLAM; HRI; indoor mapping

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Guerra, E.; Munguia, R.; Bolea, Y.; Grau, A. Human Collaborative Localization and Mapping in Indoor Environments with Non-Continuous Stereo. Sensors 2016, 16, 275.

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