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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2104;

Conceptual Design of a Nano-Networking Device

Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT), Campus Muralla del Mar, E-30202 Cartagena, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 7 October 2016 / Revised: 22 November 2016 / Accepted: 6 December 2016 / Published: 11 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Nanotechnology is an emerging scientific area whose advances, among many others, have a positive direct impact on the miniaturization of electronics. This unique technology enables the possibility to design and build electronic components as well as complete devices (called nanomachines or nanodevices) at the nano scale. A nanodevice is expected to be an essential element able to operate in a nanonetwork, where a huge number of them would coordinate to acquire data, process the information gathered, and wirelessly transmit those data to end-points providing innovative services in many key scenarios, such as the human body or the environment. This paper is aimed at studying the feasibility of this type of device by carefully examining their main component parts, namely the nanoprocessor, nanomemory, nanoantenna, and nanogenerator. To this end, a thorough state-of-the-art review is conveyed to discuss, substantiate, and select the most suitable current technology (commercial or pre-commercial) for each component. Then, we further contribute by developing a complete conceptual nanodevice layout taking into consideration its ultra-small size (similar to a blood cell) and its very restricted capabilities (e.g., processing, memory storage, telecommunication, and energy management). The required resources as well as the power consumption are realistically estimated. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanodevice; wireless nanosensor network; terahertz band; nanotechnology; ultra-low power device nanodevice; wireless nanosensor network; terahertz band; nanotechnology; ultra-low power device

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Canovas-Carrasco, S.; Garcia-Sanchez, A.-J.; Garcia-Sanchez, F.; Garcia-Haro, J. Conceptual Design of a Nano-Networking Device. Sensors 2016, 16, 2104.

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