Next Article in Journal
Queuing Time Prediction Using WiFi Positioning Data in an Indoor Scenario
Previous Article in Journal
Probabilistic Model Updating for Sizing of Hole-Edge Crack Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors and the High-Order Extended Finite Element Method
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2016, 16(11), 1957;

Bamboo Classification Using WorldView-2 Imagery of Giant Panda Habitat in a Large Shaded Area in Wolong, Sichuan Province, China

Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Sciences, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 9 Dengzhuang South Road, Beijing 100094, China
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, No. 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Beijing 100875, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charles Neal Stewart
Received: 3 October 2016 / Revised: 14 November 2016 / Accepted: 16 November 2016 / Published: 22 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [10902 KB, uploaded 22 November 2016]   |  


This study explores the ability of WorldView-2 (WV-2) imagery for bamboo mapping in a mountainous region in Sichuan Province, China. A large area of this place is covered by shadows in the image, and only a few sampled points derived were useful. In order to identify bamboos based on sparse training data, the sample size was expanded according to the reflectance of multispectral bands selected using the principal component analysis (PCA). Then, class separability based on the training data was calculated using a feature space optimization method to select the features for classification. Four regular object-based classification methods were applied based on both sets of training data. The results show that the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) method produced the greatest accuracy. A geostatistically-weighted k-NN classifier, accounting for the spatial correlation between classes, was then applied to further increase the accuracy. It achieved 82.65% and 93.10% of the producer’s and user’s accuracies respectively for the bamboo class. The canopy densities were estimated to explain the result. This study demonstrates that the WV-2 image can be used to identify small patches of understory bamboos given limited known samples, and the resulting bamboo distribution facilitates the assessments of the habitats of giant pandas. View Full-Text
Keywords: classification; object-based analysis; bamboo mapping; WorldView-2; geostatistics classification; object-based analysis; bamboo mapping; WorldView-2; geostatistics

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, Y.; Jing, L.; Li, H.; Liu, Q.; Yan, Q.; Li, X. Bamboo Classification Using WorldView-2 Imagery of Giant Panda Habitat in a Large Shaded Area in Wolong, Sichuan Province, China. Sensors 2016, 16, 1957.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top