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Article

A Laboratory Test Setup for in Situ Measurements of the Dielectric Properties of Catalyst Powder Samples under Reaction Conditions by Microwave Cavity Perturbation: Set up and Initial Tests

1
Department of Functional Materials, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
2
School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF24 3AA, Wales, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2014, 14(9), 16856-16868; https://doi.org/10.3390/s140916856
Received: 24 July 2014 / Accepted: 2 September 2014 / Published: 10 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
The catalytic behavior of zeolite catalysts for the ammonia-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitrogen oxides (NOX) depends strongly on the type of zeolite material. An essential precondition for SCR is a previous ammonia gas adsorption that occurs on acidic sites of the zeolite. In order to understand and develop SCR active materials, it is crucial to know the amount of sorbed ammonia under reaction conditions. To support classical temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) experiments, a correlation of the dielectric properties with the catalytic properties and the ammonia sorption under reaction conditions appears promising. In this work, a laboratory test setup, which enables direct measurements of the dielectric properties of catalytic powder samples under a defined gas atmosphere and temperature by microwave cavity perturbation, has been developed. Based on previous investigations and computational simulations, a resonator cavity and a heating system were designed, installed and characterized. The resonator cavity is designed to operate in its TM010 mode at 1.2 GHz. The first measurement of the ammonia loading of an H-ZSM-5 zeolite confirmed the operating performance of the test setup at constant temperatures of up to 300 °C. It showed how both real and imaginary parts of the relative complex permittivity are strongly correlated with the mass of stored ammonia. View Full-Text
Keywords: ammonia SCR; ammonia storage; H-ZSM-5; cavity perturbation; complex permittivity; in operando; radio frequency ammonia SCR; ammonia storage; H-ZSM-5; cavity perturbation; complex permittivity; in operando; radio frequency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dietrich, M.; Rauch, D.; Porch, A.; Moos, R. A Laboratory Test Setup for in Situ Measurements of the Dielectric Properties of Catalyst Powder Samples under Reaction Conditions by Microwave Cavity Perturbation: Set up and Initial Tests. Sensors 2014, 14, 16856-16868. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140916856

AMA Style

Dietrich M, Rauch D, Porch A, Moos R. A Laboratory Test Setup for in Situ Measurements of the Dielectric Properties of Catalyst Powder Samples under Reaction Conditions by Microwave Cavity Perturbation: Set up and Initial Tests. Sensors. 2014; 14(9):16856-16868. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140916856

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dietrich, Markus, Dieter Rauch, Adrian Porch, and Ralf Moos. 2014. "A Laboratory Test Setup for in Situ Measurements of the Dielectric Properties of Catalyst Powder Samples under Reaction Conditions by Microwave Cavity Perturbation: Set up and Initial Tests" Sensors 14, no. 9: 16856-16868. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140916856

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