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Sensors 2014, 14(11), 19979-20007;

Electronic Noses for Environmental Monitoring Applications

Politecnico di Milano, Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering "Giulio Natta", Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milano 20133, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2014 / Revised: 14 October 2014 / Accepted: 20 October 2014 / Published: 24 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy 2014)
Full-Text   |   PDF [960 KB, uploaded 24 October 2014]


Electronic nose applications in environmental monitoring are nowadays of great interest, because of the instruments’ proven capability of recognizing and discriminating between a variety of different gases and odors using just a small number of sensors. Such applications in the environmental field include analysis of parameters relating to environmental quality, process control, and verification of efficiency of odor control systems. This article reviews the findings of recent scientific studies in this field, with particular focus on the abovementioned applications. In general, these studies prove that electronic noses are mostly suitable for the different applications reported, especially if the instruments are specifically developed and fine-tuned. As a general rule, literature studies also discuss the critical aspects connected with the different possible uses, as well as research regarding the development of effective solutions. However, currently the main limit to the diffusion of electronic noses as environmental monitoring tools is their complexity and the lack of specific regulation for their standardization, as their use entails a large number of degrees of freedom, regarding for instance the training and the data processing procedures. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment; odor; dynamic olfactometry; chemical analysis; training; sensors; classification; discrimination; quantification; odor concentration environment; odor; dynamic olfactometry; chemical analysis; training; sensors; classification; discrimination; quantification; odor concentration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Capelli, L.; Sironi, S.; Del Rosso, R. Electronic Noses for Environmental Monitoring Applications. Sensors 2014, 14, 19979-20007.

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