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Open AccessArticle

Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon

Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Diversity 2010, 2(1), 1-16;
Received: 18 November 2009 / Accepted: 18 December 2009 / Published: 24 December 2009
Recent studies in Amazonia historical ecology have revealed substantial diversity and dynamic change in coupled natural human systems. In the southern Amazon, several headwater basins show evidence of substantial pre-Columbian landscape modification, particularly in areas historically dominated by speakers of the Arawak language family. The headwater basin of the Xingu River, the easternmost of these areas occupied by Arawak-speaking peoples, has revealed such a complex built environment. This discussion examines settlement pattern and land-use, which have implications for understanding the dynamics of natural-human systems in the Upper Xingu basin and other areas across the transitional forests of the southern Amazon. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropogenic landscapes; pre-Columbian complex societies; cultural diversity anthropogenic landscapes; pre-Columbian complex societies; cultural diversity
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Heckenberger, M. Biocultural Diversity in the Southern Amazon. Diversity 2010, 2, 1-16.

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