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Conservation Strategies for Local Breed Biodiversity
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Genetic Cryopreservation of Rare Breeds of Domesticated North American Livestock: Smithsonian & SVF Biodiversity Preservation Project

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SVF Foundation, 152 Harrison Ave., Newport, RI 02840, USA
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Department of Environmental and Population Health, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westboro Rd, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA
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Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute National Zoological Park, P.O. Box 37012, MRC 5502, Washington, WA 20013-7012, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(10), 198; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11100198
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conservation of Rare Breeds of Livestock)
Modern agriculture has responded to the growing pressure for animal-protein consumption in the global human population by selecting for specific production traits, which, over the last fifty years, has resulted in a loss of genetic diversity. Most rare and endangered breeds of livestock have not experienced the same selection pressures for production and therefore may contain useful genetic traits not found within modern breeds. In an effort to maintain biodiversity of livestock breeds, the SVF Foundation, a non-profit organization founded to preserve the genetic diversity of food and fiber livestock, has established an ex situ repository of genetic material from endangered North American cattle, sheep, and goats. This genetic material includes in vivo and in vitro produced embryos, semen, fibroblasts, serum, and whole blood DNA cards. The majority of samples in the SVF repository are cryopreserved, creating a genome resource bank for future use. Through the Smithsonian and SVF Biodiversity Preservation Project, this repository will be maintained at the Smithsonian’s Front Royal, VA, facility. This effort represents an excellent model for understanding and sustaining the genetic diversity of rare breeds in the US and in other countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: biorepository; biodiversity; livestock gene bank; cryopreservation; germplasm biorepository; biodiversity; livestock gene bank; cryopreservation; germplasm
MDPI and ACS Style

Bowley, S.C.; Comizzoli, P.; Lindell, K.A.; Matsas, D.J.; White, E.C. Genetic Cryopreservation of Rare Breeds of Domesticated North American Livestock: Smithsonian & SVF Biodiversity Preservation Project. Diversity 2019, 11, 198.

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