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First Report of the Coral-Killing Sponge Terpios hoshinota Rützler and Muzik, 1993 in Western Australia: A New Threat to Kimberley Coral Reefs?

1
Western Australian Museum, Welshpool, WA 6109, Australia
2
Coral Conservation and Research Group, Trace and Environmental DNA Laboratory, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Bentley, WA 6120, Australia
3
School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(10), 184; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11100184
Received: 22 August 2019 / Revised: 26 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Marine Diversity)
The cyanobacteriosponge Terpios hoshinota has been reported throughout the Indo-Pacific including the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The species encrusts live coral, giant clams, and other benthos and can be a threat to benthic communities on coral reefs. The Kimberley region of Western Australia has some of the least impacted reefs globally. We report for the first time the presence of T. hoshinota in the eastern Indian Ocean on Kimberley inshore coral reefs. Given its invasive potential, reef health surveys should include this species, and monitoring approaches developed to audit the remote Kimberley for this and other invasive species. View Full-Text
Keywords: barcoding; giant clam; hard coral; invasive species; Porifera; Scleractinia barcoding; giant clam; hard coral; invasive species; Porifera; Scleractinia
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Fromont, J.; Richards, Z.T.; Wilson, N.G. First Report of the Coral-Killing Sponge Terpios hoshinota Rützler and Muzik, 1993 in Western Australia: A New Threat to Kimberley Coral Reefs? Diversity 2019, 11, 184.

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