Next Article in Journal
Special Issue: Plant Genetics and Biotechnology in Biodiversity
Next Article in Special Issue
Genetic Diversity of Northern Wheatgrass (Elymus lanceolatus ssp. lanceolatus) as Revealed by Genotyping-by-Sequencing
Previous Article in Journal
Genotyping by Sequencing Reasserts the Close Relationship between Tef and Its Putative Wild Eragrostis Progenitors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Bee Diversity and Solanum didymum (Solanaceae) Flower–Visitor Network in an Atlantic Forest Fragment in Southern Brazil
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

The Functional Impact of Transposable Elements on the Diversity of Plant Genomes

Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Krakow, al. 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
Diversity 2018, 10(2), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/d10020018
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Celebrating the tenth Founding Year of Diversity)
Transposable elements (TEs) are self-mobilized DNA sequences that constitute a large portion of plant genomes. Being selfish DNA, they utilize different mobilization mechanisms to persist and proliferate in host genomes. It is important that new TE insertions generate de novo variability, most of which is likely to be deleterious, but some can be advantageous. Also, a growing body of evidence shows that TEs were continually recruited by their hosts to provide additional functionality. Here, we review potential ways in which transposable elements can provide novel functions to host genomes, from simple gene knock-outs to complex rewiring of gene expression networks. We discuss possible implications of TE presence and activity in crop genomes for agricultural production. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptability; chromosomal rearrangements; epigenetic control; exaptation; knock-out mutations; mobile DNA; stress resistance; transposition adaptability; chromosomal rearrangements; epigenetic control; exaptation; knock-out mutations; mobile DNA; stress resistance; transposition
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Grzebelus, D. The Functional Impact of Transposable Elements on the Diversity of Plant Genomes. Diversity 2018, 10, 18.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop