Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
[N,N′-Di-tert-butyl-P,P-diphenylphosphinimidic Amidato-κNN′]chlorosilicon-κSi-tetracarbonyliron
Font Type:
Arial Georgia Verdana
Font Size:
Aa Aa Aa
Line Spacing:
Column Width:
Short Note

Methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate

Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Franje Kuhača 18, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Faculty of Chemistry and Technology, University of Split, R. Boškovića 35, 21000 Split, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molbank 2022, 2022(3), M1434;
Received: 2 August 2022 / Revised: 22 August 2022 / Accepted: 23 August 2022 / Published: 25 August 2022


A green synthetic procedure was developed for the two-step synthesis of methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate from anthranilic acid, using two green chemistry approaches: utilization of the DES and microwave-induced synthesis. The first step includes a synthesis of 2-mercapto-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one which was performed in choline chloride:urea DES. In the second step S-alkylation of 2-mercapto-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one was performed in a microwave-induced reaction. The desired compound was successfully obtained in a yield of 59% and was characterized by different spectral methods.

1. Introduction

Quinazolinones are fused heterocyclic compounds, which have been proven to be excellent scaffolds in pharmaceutical and medicinal chemistry. Their potential to act as excellent antibacterial [1,2], antiviral [3], anticancer [4,5,6], enzyme inhibitory [7,8,9], anti-HIV [10,11,12] and other biologically active agents depends on their structure, which can be altered using different synthetic approaches. A high potential for pharmaceutical and medicinal uses inspires researchers to synthesize different quinazolinone analogues to enhance the biological activity. The most common approach to synthesize quinazolinone derivatives is the Niementowski reaction of anthranilic acid derivatives and amides (Figure 1) [13,14]. Today, many different modifications to the initial reaction path have been employed, using formic acid or different amines instead of amides [15], microwave induced synthesis using formamide [16,17,18], aniline thiocarbamate salts [19], and isatoic anhydride, phenyl hydrazine and 2-nitrobenzaldehyde with SrFe12O19 nanoparticles as catalyst [20].
2-Mercapto quinazolinones have also proven to be excellent scaffolds for further synthesis of different derivatives. Their synthesis usually proceeds from anthranilic acids and isothiocyanates using different catalysts and conditions [21,22,23,24]. Our investigation showed that those derivatives could be easily synthesized in deep eutectic solvents (DESs) with no catalysts applied, where DESs were combined with microwaves or ultrasound [25]. Alkylation of such compounds usually proceeds in the reaction of 2-mercapto quinazolinones, alkylation agent and potassium carbonate in different solvents and conditions. El-Azab et al. refluxed the reaction mixture in acetone for 20 h [22], or stirred the mixture at room temperature [26], while Khalil (2005) used tetrabutylammonium bromide as a catalyst to perform the alkylation [27]. Green chemistry methods could find their application in this manner, thus reducing the reaction time, increasing the yields and minimizing the postsynthetic procedures. The application of DESs instead of harmful volatile organic solvents with no need of catalysts has already been shown to be very effective in the synthesis of 2-mercaptoquinazolinones [25,28]. DESs are environmentally friendly mixtures of non-toxic compounds showing a high melting point depression compared to the individual components [29,30,31,32], prominently used these days for different chemical processes [31,33]. Furthermore, microwave-induced synthesis has proven to be one of the most efficient methods in synthetic chemistry owing to its increased product yields, short reaction times and low energy consumption [34].
Modern demands for the utilization of environmentally friendly approaches in chemical processes have led us to investigate synthetic paths to obtain valuable quinazolinone derivatives.

2. Results and Discussion

The green chemistry approach in this research resulted in the efficient synthesis of the desired quinazolinone derivatives. A series of desired derivatives was synthesized yielding some new compounds, methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate being one of them. These compounds in general are valuable starting materials for the synthesis of different heterocyclic compounds with potential biological activity.
The synthesis started with the formation of 2-mercapto-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one (1) which was synthesized from anthranilic acid and 3-methoxyphenyl isothiocyanate (Figure 2) in choline chloride:urea (1:2) DES at 80 °C as described in our previous work [25]. This paper [25] describes the whole process of reaction optimization using different DESs with choline chloride: urea DES showing the best results.
The next step was the synthesis of methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate (2). A reaction mixture of 2-mercapto-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one (1), methyl bromoacetate and sodium acetate in ethanol was heated under microwaves at 120 °C for 10 min. This reaction was fast, yielding 59% of the final product. 2-((3-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate was characterized by different spectral methods. 1H NMR spectra showed characteristic peaks for 3-OCH3 phenyl group at 3.79 ppm and ester –OCH3 group at 3.69 ppm. Methylene group was characterized by the peak of 4.01 ppm, while the aromatic protons were found at 7.04–8.08 ppm. 13C NMR spectra also showed characteristic peaks for methylene group at 34.17 ppm, 3-OCH3 phenyl group at 55.50 ppm and ester –OCH3 group at 52.34 ppm (Figures S1–S3). A structure was additionally confirmed with mass spectra showing a molecular ion m/z 357.12. This green chemistry method was efficient and successful in the synthesis of the desired compound since this reaction usually takes a longer time and reflux conditions to occur. Nguyen et al. (2019) performed a similar reaction in DMF by refluxing the mixture for 5 h [24], while Khalil (2008) stirred the mixture at room temperature for 2–4 h [27] and El-Azab et al. (2020) performed the alkylation for up to 13 h [26].

3. Materials and Methods

Chemicals were purchased from commercial suppliers and used without purification. Choline chloride (99%) and anthranilic acid (98+%) were purchased from Acros Organics (Geel, Belgium), urea (p.a.) was purchased from Gram Mol. 3-Methoxyphenyl isothiocyanate (98+%) was purchased from Maybridge (Maybridge Chemical Company Ltd., Altrincham, UK). TLC was used for monitoring the reaction using aluminium plates which were silica gel coated with fluorescent indicator F254 (Kieselgel 60). Benzene: acetic acid: acetone (8:1:1) was used as a solvent. HP-UVIS cabinet (Biostep GmbH) was used to monitor the plates under UV light at 254 and 365 nm. The melting point was determined using capillary Electrothermal IA9100 digital melting point apparatus (Electrothermal Engineering Ltd., Rochford, UK). 1H and 13C NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker 600 MHz spectrometer (Bruker Biospin, Rheinstetten, Germany) at 298 K in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO-d6). Mass spectra were recorded on an LC/MS/MS API 2000 (Foster City, CA, United States). The synthesis was performed using Milestone flexiWAVE reactor equipped with rotating carousel with 15 positions for PTFE vessels and direct control of the process and temperature (Milestone Srl, Milan, Italy).
A mixture of 2-mercapto-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one (0.5 mmol), methyl bromoacetate (1.2 eq), sodium acetate (0.5 mmol) in 10 mL of ethanol was placed in the PTFE vessel in the rotating carousel and heated under microwaves for 10 min at 120 °C. Upon the completion of the reaction, the solvent was removed under vacuum and water was added to the residual mixture. A crude product was filtered off and washed with water. No further purification was needed. The title compound 2 (59%) was obtained as white powder, with mp 137 °C; Rf 0.75 (benzene/acetone/acetic acid 8:1:1); 1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 300 MHz) δ 8.08 (1H, dd, J = 7.91, 1.13 Hz, arom.), 7.83 (1H, m, arom.), 7.50 (3H, m, arom.), 7.15 (1H, m, arom.), 7.11 (1H, m, arom.), 7.04 (1H, m, arom.), 4.01 (2H, s, -CH2-), 3.79 (3H, m, –OCH3), 3.69 (3H, s, –OCH3). 13C NMR (CDCl3, 75 MHz) δ 168.89, 160.45, 160.00, 156.39, 146.94, 136.68, 134.96, 130.29, 126.57, 126.12, 125.89, 121.36, 119.49, 115.76, 115.62, 115.08, 55.50, 52.34, 34.17; m/z 357.12 (M+).

Supplementary Materials

Figure S1: 1H NMR spectra of 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate; Figure S2: Mass spectra of 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate; Figure S3: 13C NMR spectra of 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate; Molfile of 1H NMR spectra of 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, M.M.; methodology, M.K.; software, M.M.; validation, M.M. and I.J.; formal analysis, I.J.; investigation, M.K.; resources, M.M.; data curation, M.M.; writing—original draft preparation, M.M. and I.J.; writing—review and editing, I.J.; visualization, M.K.; supervision, M.M.; project administration, M.M. and M.K.; funding acquisition, M.M. and I.J. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This research was funded by Croatian Science Foundation under the project “Green Technologies in Synthesis of Heterocyclic compounds” (UIP-2017-05-6593).

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

Not applicable.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


  1. Sayyed, M.A.; Mokle, S.S.; Vibhute, Y.B. Synthesis of 6-iodo/bromo- 3-amino-2-methylquinazolin-4 (3H)-ones by direct halogenation and their Schiff base derivatives. Arkivoc 2006, 2006, 221–226. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  2. Hassanzadeh, F.; Jafari, E.; Hakimelahi, G.; Khajouei, M.R.; Jalali, M.; Khodarahmi, G. Antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic evaluation of some new quinazolinone derivatives. Res. Pharm. Sci. 2012, 7, 87–94. [Google Scholar]
  3. Selvam, P.; Vijayalakshimi, P.; Smee, D.F.; Gowen, B.B.; Julander, J.G.; Day, C.W.; Barnard, D.L. Novel 3-sulphonamido-quinazolin-4(3H)-One Derivatives: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis and Evaluation of Antiviral Activities against Respiratory and Biodefense Viruses. Antivir. Chem. Chemother. 2007, 18, 301–305. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  4. Mohamed, M.A.; Ayyad, R.R.; Shawer, T.Z.; Abdel-Aziz, A.A.-M.; El-Azab, A.S. Synthesis and Antitumor Evaluation of Trimethoxyanilides Based on 4(3H)-Quinazolinone Scaffolds. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2016, 112, 106–113. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Gawad, N.M.A.; Georgey, H.H.; Youssef, R.M.; El-Sayed, N.A. Synthesis and Antitumor Activity of Some 2, 3-Disubstituted Quinazolin-4(3H)-Ones and 4, 6- Disubstituted-1, 2, 3, 4-Tetrahydroquinazolin-2H-Ones. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2010, 45, 6058–6067. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Noolvi, M.N.; Patel, H.M.; Bhardwaj, V.; Chauhan, A. Synthesis and in Vitro Antitumor Activity of Substituted Quinazoline and Quinoxaline Derivatives: Search for Anticancer Agent. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2011, 46, 2327–2346. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. El-Subbagh, H.I.; Sabry, M.A. 2-Substituted-Mercapto-Quinazolin-4(3H)-Ones as DHFR Inhibitors. Mini Rev. Med. Chem. 2021, 21, 2249–2260. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  8. Petrov, K.G.; Zhang, Y.-M.; Carter, M.; Cockerill, G.S.; Dickerson, S.; Gauthier, C.A.; Guo, Y.; Mook, R.A.; Rusnak, D.W.; Walker, A.L.; et al. Optimization and SAR for Dual ErbB-1/ErbB-2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibition in the 6-Furanylquinazoline Series. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2006, 16, 4686–4691. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  9. Rosenthal, A.S.; Tanega, C.; Shen, M.; Mott, B.T.; Bougie, J.M.; Nguyen, D.-T.; Misteli, T.; Auld, D.S.; Maloney, D.J.; Thomas, C.J. Potent and Selective Small Molecule Inhibitors of Specific Isoforms of Cdc2-like Kinases (Clk) and Dual Specificity Tyrosine-Phosphorylation-Regulated Kinases (Dyrk). Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2011, 21, 3152–3158. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  10. Pandeya, S.N.; Sriram, D.; Nath, G.; De Clercq, E. Synthesis, Antibacterial, Antifungal and Anti-HIV Evaluation of Schiff and Mannich Bases of Isatin Derivatives with 3-Amino-2-Methylmercapto Quinazolin-4(3H)-One. Pharm. Acta Helv. 1999, 74, 11–17. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  11. Safakish, M.; Hajimahdi, Z.; Aghasadeghi, M.R.; Vahabpour, R.; Zarghi, A. Design, Synthesis, Molecular Modeling and Anti-HIV Assay of Novel Quinazolinone Incorporated Coumarin Derivatives. Curr. HIV Res. 2020, 18, 41–51. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Hajimahdi, Z.; Zabihollahi, R.; Aghasadeghi, M.R.; Zarghi, A. Design, Synthesis, Docking Studies and Biological Activities Novel 2,3- Diaryl-4-Quinazolinone Derivatives as Anti-HIV-1 Agents. Curr. HIV Res. 2019, 17, 214–222. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Von Niementowski, S. Synthesen von Chinazolinverbindungen. J. Prakt. Chem. 1895, 51, 564–572. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  14. He, L.; Li, H.; Chen, J.; Wu, X.-F. Recent Advances in 4(3H)-Quinazolinone Syntheses. RSC Adv. 2014, 4, 12065–12077. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  15. Kidwai, M.; Rastogi, S.; Mohan, R. A Novel Route to the Niementowski Reaction. Croat. Chem. Acta 2003, 76, 365–369. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  16. Khajavi, M.S.; Afshani, P.; Rad Moghadam, K. Microwave Irradiation Promoted the Niementowski Reaction Preparation of Substituted Quinazolinones and Quinolines. Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. 1998, 17, 29–32. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  17. Alexandre, F.-R.; Berecibar, A.; Besson, T. Microwave-Assisted Niementowski Reaction. Back to the Roots. Tetrahedron Lett. 2002, 43, 3911–3913. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  18. Alexandre, F.-R.; Berecibar, A.; Wrigglesworth, R.; Besson, T. Novel Series of 8H-Quinazolino[4,3-b]Quinazolin-8-Ones via Two Niementowski Condensations. Tetrahedron 2003, 59, 1413–1419. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  19. Patil, S.; Jadhav, S.; Shejwal, R.V.; Deshmukh, M. Microwave-Assisted Cyclocondensation for the Synthesis of 3-Aryl-2-Thioquinazolin-4(3H)-Ones. Asian J. Chem. 2012, 24, 1858–1860. [Google Scholar]
  20. Ziarani, G.M.; Asl, Z.K.; Gholamzadeh, P.; Badiei, A.; Afshar, M. The Use of SrFe12O19 Magnetic Nanoparticles as an Efficient Catalyst in the Modified Niementowski Reaction. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 2017, 31, e3830. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  21. Moussa, G.; Alaaeddine, R.; Alaeddine, L.M.; Nassra, R.; Belal, A.S.F.; Ismail, A.; El-Yazbi, A.F.; Abdel-Ghany, Y.S.; Hazzaa, A. Novel Click Modifiable Thioquinazolinones as Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation and Docking Study. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2018, 144, 635–650. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. El-Azab, A.S. Synthesis of Some New Substituted 2-Mercaptoquinazoline Analogs as Potential Antimicrobial Agents. Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Relat. Elem. 2007, 182, 333–348. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  23. Al-Khuzaie, M.; Al-Majidi, S. Synthesis, Characterization and Evaluation Antimicrobial Activity of Some New Substituted 2-Mercapto-3-Phenyl-4(3H)-Quinazolinone. Iraqi J. Sci. 2014, 55, 582–593. [Google Scholar]
  24. Cong, N.T.; Nguyen, Q.; Huynh, P.D.; Nguyen, T.; Phuong, N.; Nguyen, H.-H. Synthesis and Cytotoxic Activity against K562 and MCF7 Cell Lines of Some N-(5-Arylidene-4-Oxo-2-Thioxothiazolidin-3-Yl)-2-((4-Oxo-3-Phenyl-3,4-Dihydroquinazoline-2-Yl)Thio)Acetamide Compounds. J. Chem. 2019, 2019, 1–8. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  25. Komar, M.; Kraljević, T.G.; Jerković, I.; Molnar, M. Application of Deep Eutectic Solvents in the Synthesis of Substituted 2-Mercaptoquinazolin-4(3H)-Ones: A Comparison of Selected Green Chemistry Methods. Molecules 2022, 27, 558. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  26. El-Azab, A.S.; Abdel-Aziz, A.A.-M.; Bua, S.; Nocentini, A.; AlSaif, N.A.; Alanazi, M.M.; El-Gendy, M.A.; Ahmed, H.E.A.; Supuran, C.T. S-Substituted 2-Mercaptoquinazolin-4(3H)-One and 4-Ethylbenzensulfonamides Act as Potent and Selective Human Carbonic Anhydrase IX and XII Inhibitors. J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem. 2020, 35, 733–743. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  27. Khalil, A.K. Phase-Transfer Catalyzed Alkylation and Cycloalkylation of 2-Mercaptoquinazolin-4(3H)-One. Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Relat. Elem. 2005, 180, 2533–2541. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  28. Molnar, M.; Klenkar, J.; Tarnai, T. Eco-Friendly Rapid Synthesis of 3-Substituted-2-Thioxo-2,3-Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-Ones in Choline Chloride Based Deep Eutectic Solvent. Synth. Commun. 2017, 47, 1040–1045. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  29. Hansen, B.B.; Spittle, S.; Chen, B.; Poe, D.; Zhang, Y.; Klein, J.M.; Horton, A.; Adhikari, L.; Zelkovich, T.; Doherty, B.W.; et al. Deep Eutectic Solvents: A Review of Fundamentals and Applications. Chem. Rev. 2020, 121, 1232–1285. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  30. Abbott, A.P.; Boothby, D.; Capper, G.; Davies, D.L.; Rasheed, R.K. Deep Eutectic Solvents Formed between Choline Chloride and Carboxylic Acids:  Versatile Alternatives to Ionic Liquids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 9142–9147. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  31. Dai, Y.; van Spronsen, J.; Witkamp, G.-J.; Verpoorte, R.; Choi, Y.H. Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents as New Potential Media for Green Technology. Anal. Chim. Acta 2013, 766, 61–68. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. Molnar, M.; Periš, I.; Komar, M. Choline Chloride Based Deep Eutectic Solvents as a Tuneable Medium for Synthesis of Coumarinyl 1,2,4-Triazoles: Effect of Solvent Type and Temperature. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2019, 2019, 2688–2694. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  33. Paiva, A.; Craveiro, R.; Aroso, I.; Martins, M.; Reis, R.L.; Duarte, A.R.C. Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents—Solvents for the 21st Century. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 2014, 2, 1063–1071. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  34. Kappe, C.O. Controlled Microwave Heating in Modern Organic Synthesis. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 6250–6284. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Figure 1. Niementowski synthesis of quinazolinones [13].
Figure 1. Niementowski synthesis of quinazolinones [13].
Molbank 2022 m1434 g001
Figure 2. Synthetic path for 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate.
Figure 2. Synthetic path for 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate.
Molbank 2022 m1434 g002
Publisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Molnar, M.; Komar, M.; Jerković, I. Methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate. Molbank 2022, 2022, M1434.

AMA Style

Molnar M, Komar M, Jerković I. Methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate. Molbank. 2022; 2022(3):M1434.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Molnar, Maja, Mario Komar, and Igor Jerković. 2022. "Methyl 2-((3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetate" Molbank 2022, no. 3: M1434.

Note that from the first issue of 2016, this journal uses article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Back to TopTop