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Role of Choline in Ocular Diseases

Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Medical Center, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul 07442, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Masato Inazu
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(9), 4733;
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 25 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 29 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pathophysiology of Choline and Choline Transporters)
Choline is essential for maintaining the structure and function of cells in humans. Choline plays an important role in eye health and disease. It is a precursor of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system, and it is involved in the production and secretion of tears by the lacrimal glands. It also contributes to the stability of the cells and tears on the ocular surface and is involved in retinal development and differentiation. Choline deficiency is associated with retinal hemorrhage, glaucoma, and dry eye syndrome. Choline supplementation may be effective for treating these diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: choline; ocular disease; dry eye syndrome; retina; diabetic retinopathy; glaucoma choline; ocular disease; dry eye syndrome; retina; diabetic retinopathy; glaucoma
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hwang, J.-S.; Shin, Y.-J. Role of Choline in Ocular Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 4733.

AMA Style

Hwang J-S, Shin Y-J. Role of Choline in Ocular Diseases. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(9):4733.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hwang, Jin-Sun, and Young-Joo Shin. 2021. "Role of Choline in Ocular Diseases" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 9: 4733.

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