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Article

Light-Inducible Spatio-Temporal Control of TLR4 and NF-κB-Gluc Reporter in Human Pancreatic Cell Line

1
Department of Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, IMC University of Applied Sciences, 3500 Krems, Austria
2
Molecular Devices, LLC, 5071 Wals-Siezenheim, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alain Chapel
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(17), 9232; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22179232
Received: 12 July 2021 / Revised: 20 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 26 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Oncology)
Augmented Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression was found in nearly 70% of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, which is correlated with increased tumorigenesis and progression. In this study, we engineered a new light-oxygen-voltage-sensing (LOV) domain-based optogenetic cell line (opto-TLR4 PANC-1) that enables time-resolved activation of the NF-κB and extracellular-signal regulated kinases (ERK)1/2 signalling pathway upon blue light-sensitive homodimerisation of the TLR4-LOV fusion protein. Continuous stimulation with light indicated strong p65 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation even after 24 h, whereas brief light exposure peaked at 8 h and reached the ground level 24 h post-illumination. The cell line further allows a voltage-dependent TLR4 activation, which can be continuously monitored, turned on by light or off in the dark. Using this cell line, we performed different phenotypic cell-based assays with 2D and 3D cultures, with the aim of controlling cellular activity with spatial and temporal precision. Light exposure enhanced cell attachment, the formation and extension of invadopodia, and cell migration in 3D spheroid cultures, but no significant changes in proliferation or viability could be detected. We conclude that the opto-TLR4 PANC-1 cell line is an ideal tool for investigating the underlying molecular mechanisms of TLR4, thereby providing strategies for new therapeutic options. View Full-Text
Keywords: pancreatic adenocarcinoma; Human Toll-like receptor 4; nuclear factor kappa B; optogenetic control; attachment and invasion; invadopodia formation pancreatic adenocarcinoma; Human Toll-like receptor 4; nuclear factor kappa B; optogenetic control; attachment and invasion; invadopodia formation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stierschneider, A.; Grünstäudl, P.; Colleselli, K.; Atzler, J.; Klein, C.T.; Hundsberger, H.; Wiesner, C. Light-Inducible Spatio-Temporal Control of TLR4 and NF-κB-Gluc Reporter in Human Pancreatic Cell Line. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 9232. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22179232

AMA Style

Stierschneider A, Grünstäudl P, Colleselli K, Atzler J, Klein CT, Hundsberger H, Wiesner C. Light-Inducible Spatio-Temporal Control of TLR4 and NF-κB-Gluc Reporter in Human Pancreatic Cell Line. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(17):9232. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22179232

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stierschneider, Anna, Petra Grünstäudl, Katrin Colleselli, Josef Atzler, Christian T. Klein, Harald Hundsberger, and Christoph Wiesner. 2021. "Light-Inducible Spatio-Temporal Control of TLR4 and NF-κB-Gluc Reporter in Human Pancreatic Cell Line" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 17: 9232. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22179232

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