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Open AccessReview

Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Pathogenomics

1
Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hôpitaux Universitaires, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2
Université de Strasbourg, CHRU Strasbourg, Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg, EA 7290, Virulence Bactérienne Précoce, F-67000 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(5), 1215; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20051215
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Virulence Factors)
Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) are skin commensal bacteria. Besides their role in maintaining homeostasis, CoNS have emerged as major pathogens in nosocomial settings. Several studies have investigated the molecular basis for this emergence and identified multiple putative virulence factors with regards to Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity. In the last decade, numerous CoNS whole-genome sequences have been released, leading to the identification of numerous putative virulence factors. Koch’s postulates and the molecular rendition of these postulates, established by Stanley Falkow in 1988, do not explain the microbial pathogenicity of CoNS. However, whole-genome sequence data has shed new light on CoNS pathogenicity. In this review, we analyzed the contribution of genomics in defining CoNS virulence, focusing on the most frequent and pathogenic CoNS species: S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus, S. saprophyticus, S. capitis, and S. lugdunensis. View Full-Text
Keywords: pathogenomics; coagulase-negative staphylococci; virulence factors; whole genome sequencing pathogenomics; coagulase-negative staphylococci; virulence factors; whole genome sequencing
MDPI and ACS Style

Argemi, X.; Hansmann, Y.; Prola, K.; Prévost, G. Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Pathogenomics. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1215.

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