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BCAS2 Enhances Carcinogenic Effects of Estrogen Receptor Alpha in Breast Cancer Cells

1
Departamento de Investigación Básica, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Av. San Fernando No. 22, Col. Sección XVI, 14080 Mexico City, Mexico
2
Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
3
Institut de Biología Molecular de Barcelona (IBMB-CSIC) Parc Científic de Barcelona, Barcelona, 08028 Cataluña, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(4), 966; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040966
Received: 17 January 2019 / Revised: 11 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 22 February 2019
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Abstract

Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) has an established role in breast cancer biology. Transcriptional activation by ERα is a multistep process modulated by coactivator and corepressor proteins. Breast Cancer Amplified Sequence 2 (BCAS2), is a poorly studied ERα coactivator. In this work, we characterize some of the mechanisms through which this protein increases ERα activity and how this promotes carcinogenic processes in breast cancer cells. Using protein-protein interaction and luciferase assays we show that BCAS2 interacts with ERα both in vitro and in vivo and upregulates transcriptional activation of ERα directly through its N-terminal region (AF-1) and indirectly through its C-terminal (AF-2) region, acting in concert with AF-2 interacting coactivators. Elevated expression of BCAS2 positively affects proliferation, clonogenicity and migration of breast cancer cells and directly activates ERα regulated genes which have been shown to play a role in tumor growth and progression. Finally, we used signal transduction pathway inhibitors to elucidate how BCAS2 is regulated in these cells and observed that BCAS2 is preferentially regulated by the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. BCAS2 is an AF-1 coactivator of ERα whose overexpression promotes carcinogenic processes, suggesting an important role in the development of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: estrogen receptor; breast cancer; BCAS2; coactivators estrogen receptor; breast cancer; BCAS2; coactivators
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Salmerón-Hernández, Á.; Noriega-Reyes, M.Y.; Jordan, A.; Baranda-Avila, N.; Langley, E. BCAS2 Enhances Carcinogenic Effects of Estrogen Receptor Alpha in Breast Cancer Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 966.

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