Innovative Approach of Non-Thermal Plasma Application for Improving the Growth Rate in Chickens
AbstractAs an innovative technology in biological applications—non-thermal plasma technique—has recently been applied to living cells and tissues. However, it is unclear whether non-thermal plasma treatment can directly regulate the growth and development of livestock. In this study, we exposed four-day-incubated fertilized eggs to plasma at 11.7 kV for 2 min, which was found to be the optimal condition in respect of highest growth rate in chickens. Interestingly, plasma-treated male chickens conspicuously grew faster than females. Plasma treatment regulated the reactive oxygen species homeostasis by controlling the mitochondrial respiratory complex activity and up-regulating the antioxidant defense system. At the same time, growth metabolism was improved due to the increase of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 and their receptors expression, and the rise of thyroid hormones and adenosine triphosphate levels through the regulation of demethylation levels of growth and hormone biosynthesis-related genes in the skeletal muscles and thyroid glands. To our knowledge, this study was the first to evaluate the effects of a non-thermal plasma treatment on the growth rate of chickens. This safe strategy might be beneficial to the livestock industry. View Full-Text
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Zhang, J.J.; Wang, X.Z.; Kwon, T.; Huynh, D.L.; Chandimali, N.; Kim, N.; Kang, T.Y.; Ghosh, M.; Gera, M.; Lee, S.B.; Lee, S.J.; Lee, W.S.; Kim, S.B.; Mok, Y.S.; Jeong, D.K. Innovative Approach of Non-Thermal Plasma Application for Improving the Growth Rate in Chickens. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2301.
Zhang JJ, Wang XZ, Kwon T, Huynh DL, Chandimali N, Kim N, Kang TY, Ghosh M, Gera M, Lee SB, Lee SJ, Lee WS, Kim SB, Mok YS, Jeong DK. Innovative Approach of Non-Thermal Plasma Application for Improving the Growth Rate in Chickens. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(8):2301.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Jiao J.; Wang, Xian Z.; Kwon, Taeho; Huynh, Do L.; Chandimali, Nisansala; Kim, Nameun; Kang, Tae Y.; Ghosh, Mrinmoy; Gera, Meeta; Lee, Sang B.; Lee, Sung J.; Lee, Wang S.; Kim, Seong B.; Mok, Young S.; Jeong, Dong K. 2018. "Innovative Approach of Non-Thermal Plasma Application for Improving the Growth Rate in Chickens." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 8: 2301.
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