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Functional Characterization of Novel Atrial Fibrillation-Linked GJA5 (Cx40) Mutants

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5C1 Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(4), 977; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19040977
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 16 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 25 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interplay of Connexins and Pannexins in Tissue Function and Disease)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of cardiac arrhythmia. Recently, four novel heterozygous Cx40 mutations—K107R, L223M, Q236H, and I257L—were identified in 4 of 310 unrelated AF patients and a followup genetic analysis of the mutant carriers’ families showed that the mutants were present in all the affected members. To study possible alterations associated with these Cx40 mutants, including their cellular localization and gap junction (GJ) function, we expressed GFP-tagged and untagged mutants in connexin-deficient model cells. All four Cx40 mutants showed clustered localization at cell–cell junctions similar to that observed of wildtype Cx40. However, cell pairs expressing Cx40 Q236H, but not the other individual mutants, displayed a significantly lower GJ coupling conductance (Gj) than wildtype Cx40. Similarly, co-expression of Cx40 Q236H with Cx43 resulted in a significantly lower Gj. Transjunctional voltage-dependent gating (Vj gating) properties were also altered in the GJs formed by Q236H. Reduced GJ function and altered Vj gating may play a role in promoting the Q236H carriers to AF. View Full-Text
Keywords: atrial fibrillation; gap junction channel; connexin40; Vj gating; patch clamp atrial fibrillation; gap junction channel; connexin40; Vj gating; patch clamp
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Noureldin, M.; Chen, H.; Bai, D. Functional Characterization of Novel Atrial Fibrillation-Linked GJA5 (Cx40) Mutants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 977.

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