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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(4), 1191;

gga-miR-451 Negatively Regulates Mycoplasma gallisepticum (HS Strain)-Induced Inflammatory Cytokine Production via Targeting YWHAZ

Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction (Huazhong Agricultural University), Ministry of Education, College of Animal Science and Technology and College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 10 April 2018 / Accepted: 11 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics)
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Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is the most economically significant mycoplasma pathogen of poultry that causes chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in chickens. Although miRNAs have been identified as a major regulator effect on inflammatory response, it is largely unclear how they regulate MG-induced inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional roles of gga-miR-451 and identify downstream targets regulated by gga-miR-451 in MG infection of chicken. We found that the expression of gga-miR-451 was significantly up-regulated during MG infection of chicken embryo fibroblast cells (DF-1) and chicken embryonic lungs. Overexpression of gga-miR-451 decreased the MG-induced inflammatory cytokine production, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), whereas inhibition of gga-miR-451 had the opposite effect. Gene expression data combined with luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that tyrosine3-monooxygenase/tryptophan5-monooxygenase activation protein zeta (YWHAZ) was identified as a direct target of gga-miR-451 in the context of MG infection. Furthermore, upregulation of gga-miR-451 significantly inhibited the MG-infected DF-1 cells proliferation, induced cell-cycle arrest, and promoted apoptosis. Collectively, our results demonstrate that gga-miR-451 negatively regulates the MG-induced production of inflammatory cytokines via targeting YWHAZ, inhibits the cell cycle progression and cell proliferation, and promotes cell apoptosis. This study provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of MG infection. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mycoplasma gallisepticum HS strain; gga-miR-451; YWHAZ; inflammatory cytokines Mycoplasma gallisepticum HS strain; gga-miR-451; YWHAZ; inflammatory cytokines

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Zhao, Y.; Zhang, K.; Zou, M.; Sun, Y.; Peng, X. gga-miR-451 Negatively Regulates Mycoplasma gallisepticum (HS Strain)-Induced Inflammatory Cytokine Production via Targeting YWHAZ. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1191.

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