The Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor α in the Biology of Uterine Fibroids and the Related Symptoms
AbstractUterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumors of the female genital tract. The incidence of UFs has been estimated at 25–80% depending on selected population. The pathophysiology of UFs remains poorly understood. The transformation of smooth muscle cells of the uterus into abnormal, immortal cells, capable of clonal division, is the main component of all pathways leading to UF tumor formation and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) is believed to be one of the key factors in this field. TNF-α is a cell signaling protein involved in systemic inflammation and is one of the cytokines responsible for the acute phase reaction. This publication presents current data about the role of tumor necrosis factor α in the biology of UFs and the related symptoms. TNF-α is an extremely important cytokine associated with the biology of UFs, UF-related symptoms and complaints. Its concentration has been proven to be elevated in women with clinically symptomatic UFs. The presented data suggest the presence of an “inflammation-like” state in women with UFs where TNF-α is a potent inflammation inducer. The origin of numerous symptoms reported by women with UFs can be traced back to the TNF-α influence. Nevertheless, our knowledge on this subject remains limited and TNF-α dependent pathways in UF pathophysiology should be investigated further. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ciebiera, M.; Włodarczyk, M.; Zgliczyńska, M.; Łukaszuk, K.; Męczekalski, B.; Kobierzycki, C.; Łoziński, T.; Jakiel, G. The Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor α in the Biology of Uterine Fibroids and the Related Symptoms. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3869.
Ciebiera M, Włodarczyk M, Zgliczyńska M, Łukaszuk K, Męczekalski B, Kobierzycki C, Łoziński T, Jakiel G. The Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor α in the Biology of Uterine Fibroids and the Related Symptoms. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(12):3869.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ciebiera, Michał; Włodarczyk, Marta; Zgliczyńska, Magdalena; Łukaszuk, Krzysztof; Męczekalski, Błażej; Kobierzycki, Christopher; Łoziński, Tomasz; Jakiel, Grzegorz. 2018. "The Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor α in the Biology of Uterine Fibroids and the Related Symptoms." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 12: 3869.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.