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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(11), 3473; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113473

Involvement of 5′AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) in the Effects of Resveratrol on Liver Steatosis

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 01006 Vitoria, Spain
2
Nutrition and Obesity Group, Lucio Lascaray Research Institute, 01006 Vitoria, Spain
3
Biomedical Research Networking Centres, Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Institute of Health Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
Nutrition and Food Science Department, Faculty of Biochemistry and Biological Sciences, National University of Litoral and National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to this manuscript.
Received: 16 October 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Signalling)
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Abstract

This review focuses on the role of 5′AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the effects of resveratrol (RSV) and some RSV derivatives on hepatic steatosis. In vitro studies, performed in different hepatic cell models, have demonstrated that RSV is effective in preventing liver TG accumulation by activating AMPK, due to its phosphorylation. These preventive effects have been confirmed in studies conducted in animal models, such as mice and rats, by administering the phenolic compound at the same time as the diet which induces TG accumulation in liver. The literature also includes studies focused on other type of models, such as animals showing alcohol-induced steatosis or even steatosis induced by administering chemical products. In addition to the preventive effects of RSV on hepatic steatosis, other studies have demonstrated that it can alleviate previously developed liver steatosis, thus its role as a therapeutic tool has been proposed. The implication of AMPK in the delipidating effects of RSV in in vivo models has also been demonstrated. View Full-Text
Keywords: resveratrol; AMPK; hepatocyte; liver; steatosis resveratrol; AMPK; hepatocyte; liver; steatosis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Trepiana, J.; Milton-Laskibar, I.; Gómez-Zorita, S.; Eseberri, I.; González, M.; Fernández-Quintela, A.; Portillo, M.P. Involvement of 5′AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) in the Effects of Resveratrol on Liver Steatosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3473.

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