Fungicidal PMMA-Undecylenic Acid Composites
AbstractUndecylenic acid (UA), known as antifungal agent, still cannot be used to efficiently modify commercial dental materials in such a way that this affects Candida. Actually, issues with Candida infections and fungal resistance compromise the use of Poly(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) as dental material. The challenge remains to turn PMMA into an antifugal material, which can ideally affect both sessile (attached) and planktonic (free-floating) Candida cells. We aimed to tackle this challenge by designing PMMA-UA composites with different UA concentrations (3–12%). We studied their physico-chemical properties, the antifungal effect on Candida and the cytotoxicity toward human cells. We found that UA changes the PMMA surface into a more hydrophilic one. Mainly, as-preparation composites with ≥6% UA reduced sessile Candida for >90%. After six days, the composites were still efficiently reducing the sessile Candida cells (for ~70% for composites with ≥6% UA). Similar results were recorded for planktonic Candida. Moreover, the inhibition zone increased along with the UA concentration. The antifungal effect of UA was also examined at the surface of an UA-loaded agar and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC90) was below the lowest-studied 0.0125% UA. Furthermore, the embedded filamentation test after 24 h and 48 h showed complete inhibition of the Candida growth at 0.4% UA. View Full-Text
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Petrović, M.; Bonvin, D.; Hofmann, H.; Mionić Ebersold, M. Fungicidal PMMA-Undecylenic Acid Composites. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 184.
Petrović M, Bonvin D, Hofmann H, Mionić Ebersold M. Fungicidal PMMA-Undecylenic Acid Composites. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(1):184.Chicago/Turabian Style
Petrović, Milica; Bonvin, Debora; Hofmann, Heinrich; Mionić Ebersold, Marijana. 2018. "Fungicidal PMMA-Undecylenic Acid Composites." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 1: 184.
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