Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Current and Evolving Therapies
AbstractPancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which constitutes 90% of pancreatic cancers, is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. Due to the broad heterogeneity of genetic mutations and dense stromal environment, PDAC belongs to one of the most chemoresistant cancers. Most of the available treatments are palliative, with the objective of relieving disease-related symptoms and prolonging survival. Currently, available therapeutic options are surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and use of targeted drugs. However, thus far, therapies targeting cancer-associated molecular pathways have not given satisfactory results; this is due in part to the rapid upregulation of compensatory alternative pathways as well as dense desmoplastic reaction. In this review, we summarize currently available therapies and clinical trials, directed towards a plethora of pathways and components dysregulated during PDAC carcinogenesis. Emerging trends towards targeted therapies as the most promising approach will also be discussed. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Adamska, A.; Domenichini, A.; Falasca, M. Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Current and Evolving Therapies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1338.
Adamska A, Domenichini A, Falasca M. Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Current and Evolving Therapies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(7):1338.Chicago/Turabian Style
Adamska, Aleksandra; Domenichini, Alice; Falasca, Marco. 2017. "Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Current and Evolving Therapies." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 7: 1338.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.